Federal Grand Larceny Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

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Larceny and theft often are used to refer to the same thing in many circles, but there are some major differences regarding the nature of the crimes involved.

Once the amount of the stolen item is over $250, it goes from a misdemeanor to a felony. At that point, it then is a grand larceny or grand theft charge. The difference between grand larceny and grand theft is as follows:

  • Grand larceny involves the person taking the property of another and moving it from one location to another, with the intent to steal ownership of that item.
  • Grand theft refers generally to the taking of any property over $250 in value. Under grand theft, there also can be burglaries, robberies and larcenies.

Grand larceny is a type of theft; all grand larcenies are theft, but not all thefts are larcenies.

Grand larceny theft can include a wide variety of different examples of theft, including purse-snatching, pickpocketing, and vehicle theft. Under federal guidelines, it is defined as “unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property” from another’s possession.

Do not confuse grand theft and petty theft, two categories of theft that describe crimes above and below a certain monetary value in various jurisdictions. In practice, most acts of theft by taking are larceny theft. Larceny theft becomes a federal matter most frequently when individuals steal property from the federal government.

Grand Larceny Theft Laws

Federal grand larceny theft laws are not the same as larceny theft laws that pertain to the states. Although virtually all states recognize larceny theft, federal grand larceny theft laws are focused on the protection of public property from theft. The United States federal government recognizes more than one hundred different types of theft, not all of which are recognized by the individual states.

Federal Grand Larceny Statistics

  • There were more than six million larcenies and thefts around the US in 2010.
  • The total number of larcenies and thefts dropped 2.4 percent from 2009 to 2010.
  • Larcenies and thefts were 68% of all property crimes in 2010.

Grand Larceny Theft Crimes & Charges

Federal grand larceny theft includes many different kinds of theft, of which the following is just an overview:

  • Theft by trick, deception, or fraud, including con games, scams, insider trading, fraudulent credit card products or programs, and other “schemes” of a similar kind, which involve misrepresentation.
  • Theft by taking, known legally as “asportation.” In theft by taking, property is completely moved from the place where it was obtained. During defense in cases of asportation, common sense is used to determine whether an item was “completely moved” or not.

Under most definitions of larceny, the item stolen must be personal property, which can include real property as well as anything tangible, documents, services, information, intellectual property, or contraband items.

In order to prove a case of grand larceny at either the state or federal level, prosecutors must prove that the stolen item was in the possession of another without the consent of the owner. This can be more difficult than it seems, as, in the case of some property, it can be difficult for even the original owner to positively identify the item.

The last significant aspect of grand larceny is that the alleged thief must have had the intent to convert the item permanently to his or her use or to permanently deprive the original owner of its use. The risk of permanent loss can cause individuals to be charged with larceny even in cases where they intended to return the property.

Grand larceny is distinct from embezzlement in that the alleged thief had no lawful access to the property.

Examples of Grand Larceny

An example of grand larceny is stealing a car from a parking lot, or stealing a large amount of jewelry or cash. Meanwhile, grand theft would be stealing jewelry by breaking into a home, or stealing the car with the person still inside of it.

Grand Larceny Theft Punishment

Grand larceny theft imprisonment and fines both depend upon the value of the item stolen as well as other aggravating factors. Most state laws recognize the difference between larceny theft at a misdemeanor level and larceny theft that rises to the level of a felony. The specific level at which this happens is defined by states.

Grand larceny is a felony level charge that can put you in prison from 12-90 months. Generally, grand larceny does not involve a physical conflict, so there could be a lesser punishment when compared with grand theft.

Grand Larceny Theft Sentencing Guidelines

Federal grand larceny theft sentencing guidelines use a point system in which six points is the “Base Offense Level.” Larceny theft losses that exceed $5,000 receive additional points. More points are added based on a selection of more than eighteen aggravating factors. Imprisonment can range from a few months to twenty years or more, particularly if the larceny theft involved other crimes such as breaking and entering that aggravate the larceny charge.

Grand Larceny Theft Statute of Limitations

The federal code provides that no person can be tried or punished for any noncapital offense unless they are indicted or information is instituted within five years of the date the offense was committed. (18 USC 3282) Generally speaking, larceny theft is a noncapital crime.

Grand Larceny Theft Cases

Some of the biggest include:

  • In 2013, Halfmoon, New York town supervisor Mindy Wormuth was arraigned by federal authorities on a variety of counts, including grand larceny, in connection with allegedly receiving $7,500 in exchange for using her influence to support local legislation. (Fox News Center 23)
  • Also in 2013, the finance director of a Connecticut town was indicted on counts including first-degree larceny after accusations emerged that he had stolen more than $2 million dollars from the town over the course of five years of official duties. (Litchfield County Times)

Larceny Theft Quick Links & References

Grand Larceny Laws By State

Grand larceny laws are intended to discourage people from stealing valuables from other people, but the laws vary significantly by each state:

AlabamaHawaiiMassachusettsNew MexicoSouth Dakota
AlaskaIdahoMichiganNew YorkTennessee
ArizonaIllinoisMinnesotaNorth CarolinaTexas
ArkansasIndianaMississippiNorth DakotaUtah
CaliforniaIowaMissouriOhioVermont
ColoradoKansasMontanaOklahomaVirginia
ConnecticutKentuckyNebraskaOregonWashington
DelawareLouisianaNevadaPennsylvaniaWest Virginia
FloridaMaineNew HampshireRhode IslandWisconsin
GeorgiaMarylandNew JerseySouth CarolinaWyoming
Alabama

Under Code of Alabama Section 13A-8-2:

  • Code of Alabama Section 13A-8-3 – 1st degree theft of property. Class B felony – two to 20 years in prison.
  • Code of Alabama Section 13A-8-4 – 2nd degree theft of property. Class C felony – one to 10 years in prison.
  • Code of Alabama Section 13A-8-4.1 – 3rd degree theft of property. Class D felony – 1st offense, no prison.
  • Code of Alabama Section 13A-8-5 – 4th degree theft of property. Class A misdemeanor – up to one year in jail.

Alaska

Under:

  • Section 12.55.135(a), 12.55.035(b)(5) – Theft in the third degree. Class A misdemeanor (up to one year in prison and/or fine of up to $10,000) for 1st offense. Class C felony for subsequent offenses within five years.
  • Alaska Stat. Section 12.55.125(e), 12.55.035(b)(4) – Theft in the second degree. Class C felony (up to five years incarceration and/or up to $50,000 fine). Two years or less for 1st offense.
  • Section 12.55.125(d), 12.55.035(b)(3) – Theft in the first degree. Class B felony (up to 10 years in prison and/or fine of up to $100,000). One to three years or suspended sentence for first offense.

Arizona

Under A.R.S. Section13-1802 (Theft), theft of:

  • $1,000 to $2,000 in value is a class 6 felony (four months in jail to two years in prison).
  • $2,000 to $3,000 in value is a class 5 felony (six months in jail to 2 1/2 years in prison).
  • $3,000 to $4,000 in value is a class 4 felony (one to 3 1/4 years in prison).
  • $4,000 to $25,000 in value is a class 3 felony (two to 8 3/4 years in prison).
  • $25,000 and more in value is a class 2 felony (three to 12.5 years in prison).

Arkansas

Under Ark. Code Ann. Section 5-36-103.) grand larceny is a:

  • Class D felony theft for theft of $1,000 to $5,000. Up to six years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $10,000.
  • Class C felony theft for theft of $5,000 to $25,000. Three to 10 years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $10,000.
  • Class B felony theft for theft of $25,000 or more. Five to 20 years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $15,000.

Civil penalties may also be imposed.

California

Codes covering grand larceny in California are:

  • California Penal Code Section 484 (general theft statute)
  • California Penal Code Section 486 (distinguishing between grand theft and petty theft)
  • California Penal Code Section 487 (grand theft)
  • California Penal Code Section 488 (petty theft)
  • California Penal Code Section 489 (punishments for grand theft)
  • California Penal Code Section 490 (punishments for petty theft)

Six months to three years in prison with a presumptive sentence of one year. Prior criminal offenses increase sentence and often lead to state prison incarceration rather than jail.

Colorado

Under Colo. Rev. Stat. Section 18-4-401(a) punishments for grand larceny are:

  • Class 1 misdemeanor for theft of $500 to $1,000. Six to 18 months imprisonment and $500 to $5,000 fine.
  • Class 5 felony for theft without extortion. One to three years in prison and two years parole minimum.
  • Class 4 felony for theft of $1,000 to $20,000. Two to six years in prison, minimum three years parole, fine of $2,000 to $500,000.
  • Class 3 felony for theft over $20,000. Four to 12 years in prison, five years parole minimum, fine of $3,000 to $750,000.

Connecticut

Under Chapter 952, Penal Code, Offenses – Section 53a-119:

  • 1st degree larceny – Class B felony. One to 25 years in prison, fine of up to $15,000.
  • 2nd degree larceny – Class C felony. One to 10 years in prison, fine of up to $10,000.
  • 3rd degree larceny – Class D felony. One to five years in prison, fine of up to $5,000.
  • 4th degree larceny – Class A misdemeanor.
  • 5th degree larceny – Class B misdemeanor.
  • 6th degree larceny – Class C misdemeanor.

Delaware

Under TITLE 11, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Delaware Criminal Code, CHAPTER 5. SPECIFIC OFFENSES, Subchapter III. Offenses Involving Property, Section 841, theft is a:

  • Class C felony for theft of $100,000 or more. Up to 15 years at Department of Corrections and a fine.
  • Class E felony for theft of $50,000 to $100,000. Up to five years at Department of Corrections and a fine.
  • Class G felony for theft of $1,500 or more. Up to two years at Department of Corrections and a fine.

Civil penalties may also be imposed.

Florida

Under Florida Statutes Section 812.005 et. seq.:

  • 1st degree grand theft, value of over $100,000 – Up to 30 years in prison, up to $10,000 fine.
  • 2nd degree grand theft, value of $20,000 to $99,999. Up to 15 years in prison and up to $10,000 fine.
  • 3rd degree grand theft, value of $300 to $19,999. Up to five years in jail and up to $5,000 fine.

Georgia

Under Georgia Code Section 16-8-2 theft up to $500 in value, the judge decides between misdemeanor or felony. Felony results into one to 10 years in prison.

Hawaii

Under Haw. Rev. Stat. Section 708-830:

  • Theft in the 3rd degree for values over $100. Misdemeanor. Up to one year in prison and/or fine of up to $2,000.
  • Theft in the 2nd degree for values of $300 to less than $20,000. Class C felony. Up to five years in prison and/or fine of up to $10,000 or two times the damages sustained.
  • Theft in the 1st degree for values over $20,000. Class B felony. Up to 10 years in prison and/or up to $25,000 fine.

Civil penalties are also imposed.

Idaho

Under Idaho Code Section 18-2403, grand theft is a felony resulting into one to 14 years in state prison and/or a fine of up to $5,000. If extortion took place, punishment increases to up to 20 years in state prison and fine of up to $10,000. Civil penalties are also imposed.

Illinois

Under Illinois Statutes Section 5/16-1 (theft):

  • Class 4 felony for theft from certain properties. One to three years in prison, up to $25,000 fine.
  • Class 3 felony for theft of $500 to $10,000 for property theft other than from the owner’s person. Two to five years in prison, up to $25,000 fine.
  • Class 2 felony for theft of $10,000 to $100,000. Three to seven years in prison, up to $25,000 fine.
  • Class 1 felony for theft of $100,000 to $500,000. Four to 15 years in prison, up to $25,000 fine.
  • Class 1 non-probational felony for theft of $500,000 to $1,000,000. Four to 15 years in prison and up to $25,000 fine.
  • Class X felony for theft over $1,000,000. Six to 30 years in prison and up to $25,000 fine.

Indiana

Under Ind. Code Ann. Section 35-43-4-2., theft is Class D felony. Six months to three years in prison, with 1 1/2 years advisory sentence. Prior felony convictions – sentence cannot be suspended. Fines of up to $10,000.

Under Ind. Code Ann. Section 35-43-4-2, some circumstances can elevate the charge to a Class C felony. Sentence of two to eight years, with four years advisory sentence. Prior felony convictions – sentence cannot be suspended. Fines of up to $10,000.

Iowa

Under Iowa Code Section 714.1:

  • Serious misdemeanor theft of $200 to $500. 4th degree theft. Fine of $315 to $1,875. Up to one year in prison.
  • Aggravated misdemeanor theft of $500 to $1,000. 3rd degree theft. Up to two years in prison and a fine of $625 to $6,250.
  • Class D felony theft of $1,000 to $10,000. 2nd degree theft. Up to five years confinement and fine of $750 to $7,500. Recidivists get harsher penalties.
  • Class C felony theft, or theft in the 1st degree of over $10,000. Confinement of up to 10 years and fine of $1,000 to $10,000. Habitual offenders receive tougher penalties.

Civil penalties may also be imposed.

Kansas

Under 2012 Statute, Article 58. Crimes Involving Property, section 21-5801. Theft is:

  • Level 5 nonperson felony for value over $100,000. 31 to 34 months in prison, fine of up to $300,000.
  • Level 7 nonperson felony for value of $25,000 to $100,000. 11 to 13 months incarceration, fine of up to $100,000.
  • Level 9 nonperson felony for value of $1,000 to $25,000. Five to seven months incarceration, fine of up to $100,000.
  • Class A nonperson misdemeanor for value less than $1,000. Up to one year in prison, fine of up to $2,500.

Penalties are harsher for repeat offenders. Civil penalties may also be imposed.

Kentucky

Under Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. Section 514.030, 040, 050, 060, 080, 100, 110, and 160:

  • Class D felony for values of $500 to $10,000. One to five years imprisonment and a fine of $1,000 to $10,000 or twice the gain of the theft.
  • Class C felony for values of $10,000 or more. Five to ten years incarceration, fine of $1,000 to $10,000 or twice the gain from the theft.

Louisiana

Under La. Rev. Stat. 14:67(A).:

  • Value of up to $500 – Up to six months in prison and/or a fine of up to $1,000.
  • Value of 500 to $1,500 – Up to five years in prison and/or a fine of up to $2,000.
  • Value of $1,500 or more – Up to ten years in prison and/or a fine of up to $3,000.

There are also civil liabilities to pay for and prior convictions significantly increase the above sentences.

Maine

Under Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 17A, Section 353(1)(A).:

  • Class D theft of $500 to $1,000. Up to one year in country jail (nine months or less) or Maine Department of Corrections (nine months and above) and a fine of up to $2,000.
  • Class C theft of $1,000 to $10,000. Incarceration for up to five years and a fine of up to $5,000.
  • Class B theft of more than $10,000. Incarceration for up to 10 years and a fine of up to $20,000.

Offenders also incur civil penalties and those with prior convictions see a significant increase in their sentence.

Maryland

Under Md. Code Ann. [Crim.] Section 7-104(a):

  • Felony theft of $1,000 to $10,000. Up to 10 years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $10.000 and restitution.
  • Felony theft of $10,000 to $100,000. Up to 15 years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $15,000 and restitution.
  • Felony theft over $100,000. Up to 25 years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $25,000 and restitution.

Maryland also places civil liability on the offender. Prior convictions increase the sentence.

Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, Massachusetts General Laws, Part IV, Title I, Chapter 266, Section 30 – Larceny; general provisions and penalties, factors include the value of the theft, the type of property that was taken, and the type of victim it was taken from. A judge will take each of those elements into consideration, as well as any prior convictions, to determine an appropriate sentence for the offender.

Michigan

Under Mich. Comp. Laws Section 750.356(1).:

  • Felony theft of $1,000 to $20,000. Up to five years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $10,000 or three times the value of the theft.
  • 1st degree retail fraud, felony offense. Up to five years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $10,000 or three times the value of the theft.
  • Theft of more than $20,000, felony offense. Up to 10 years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $15,000 or three times the value of the theft.

Offenders also face civil liabilities and prior convictions have a significant impact.

Minnesota

Under 2017 Minnesota Statutes, 695.52 Theft:

  • Up to 20 years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $100,000 for values over $35,000.
  • Up to 10 years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $20,000 for values over $5,000.
  • Up to five years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $10,000 for theft of $1,000 to $5,000.
  • Up to one year imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $3,000 for theft of $500 to $1,000.

Enhanced penalties are given if there are aggravating circumstances – up to 50% increase in charges.

Mississippi

Mississippi has different criminal statutes for different forms of larceny:

  • stealing bonds, notes, drafts, or public securities (Miss. Code Ann. Section 97-17-45)
  • stealing crops or farm buildings, structures, or fences (Section 97-17-47)
  • stealing wool from dead sheep (Section 97-17-49)
  • stealing dogs (Section 97-17-51)
  • stealing livestock (Section 97-17-53)
  • stealing milk from cows (Section 97-17-55)
  • stealing timber (Section 97-17-59)
  • taking away certain livestock, dogs, and motor vehicles without the owner’s consent (Section 97-17-61)
  • stealing rental property (Section 97-17-62)
  • receiving stolen property (Section 97-17-70)

Theft of properties valued above $500 constitutes grand larceny and can lead to up to 10 years in prison and/or a fine of up to $10,000. Offenders also face civil liabilities. Furthermore, prior convictions are taking into consideration when setting sentences.

Missouri

Under Mo. Rev. Stat. Section 570.030(1):

  • Class D felony theft – Stealing of animal and repeat offenders. Up to four years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $5,000 or twice the value stolen to no more than $20,000.
  • Class C felony theft – Theft of $500 to $25,000. One to seven years imprisonment and/or fine of up to $5,000 or twice the value stolen to no more than $20,000.
  • Class B felony theft – Theft of over $25,000. Five to 15 years imprisonment.

Civil penalties are also charged.

Montana

Under Montana Code Annotated 2017, Title 45. Crimes, Chapter 6. Offenses Against Property, Part 3. Theft and Related Offenses, Section 45-6-301. Theft:

  • Felony theft – Value above $1,500. Fine of up to $50,00 and/or up to 10 years in state prison.
  • Theft of domesticated hoofed animals. Fine of $5,000 to $50,000 and/or up to 10 years in prison and/or 416 hours community service.
  • Embezzling up to $10,000. One to 110 years in prison and/or fine of up to $50,000, restitution, and probation.

Civil liabilities also exist in Montana.

Nebraska

Under Neb. Rev. Stat. Section 28-511:

  • Class IV felony theft of $500 to $1,500. Up to five years in county jail (less than one year) or Department of Correctional Services (more than one year) and/or a fine of up to $10,000.
  • Class III felony theft for values above $1,500. One to 20 years in prison and/or a fine of up to $25,000.

Nevada

Under Chapter 205 – Crimes Against Property, Theft, NRS 205.0821. Definition, and NRS 205.0835. Penalties:

  • Theft of $650 to $3,500 – Category C felony.
  • Theft of more than $3,500 – Category B felony. One to 10 years in state prison and a fine of up to $10,000.

Restitution must also be paid.

New Hampshire

Under N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. Section 637:3.:

  • Class B felony theft of $1,000 to $1,500. Up to seven years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $4,000, and/or civil penalties.
  • Class A felony theft of over $1,500. Up to 15 years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to $4,000 and civil penalties.

Prior convictions weigh heavily in determining the appropriate sentence.

New Jersey

Under N.J. Stat. Ann. Section 2C:20-3.:

  • Theft as a Disorderly Persons Offense for value up $200. Up to six months in prison and/or up to $1,000 fine.
  • Theft as a Crime of the Fourth Degree for value of $200 to $500. Up to 18 months imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $10,000 or twice the value.
  • Theft as a Crime of the Third Degree for value of $500 to $75,000. Three to five years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $15,000 or twice the value.
  • Theft as a Crime of the Second Degree for value above $75,000. Five to ten years imprisonment and/or fine up to $150,000 or twice the value.

Restitution orders and civil penalties are also imposed.

New Mexico

Under N.M. Stat. Ann. Section 30-16-1(A).:

  • 4th degree felony theft of $500 to $2,500. 18 months imprisonment and $5,000 fine.
  • 3rd degree felony theft of $2,500 to $20,000. Three years imprisonment and $10,000 fine.
  • 2nd degree felony theft of above $20,000. Nine years imprisonment and $10,000 fine.

Civil liabilities are also charged. Prior convictions are taken into consideration.

New York

Under Penal Code Section 155.00 et seq.:

  • Class E felony for value above $1,000. One to four years in prison and fines.
  • Class D felony for value above $3,000. One to seven years in prison and fines.
  • Class C felony for value above $50,000. One to 15 years in prison and fines.
  • Class B felony for value above $1,000,000. One to 25 years with 1/3 served minimum.

Fines are usually two times the value that was taken.

North Carolina

Under N.C. Gen. Stat. Section 14.72. grand larceny is Class H felony larceny for value over $1,000. Between four and eight months’ incarceration. Presumptive sentence of five to six months. Civil penalties are also imposed.

North Dakota

Under N.D. Cent. Code Section 12.1-23-02.:

  • Class C felony theft for values above $500. Up to five years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $5,000.
  • Class B felony theft for values above $10,000. Up to 10 years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $10,000.

Civil liabilities are also charged.

Ohio

Under Ohio Revised Code, Title XXIX Crimes – Procedure, Chapter 2913: Theft and Fraud, felony of the 4th degree theft is classed as “grand” theft. Other statutes refer to aggravated theft, regular theft, and 1st degree theft. Grand theft is classed as theft of $7,500 to $150,000. Six to 18 months in prison and a fine of up to $5,000.

Oklahoma

Under Okla. Stat. Ann. Section 21-1701. Grand larceny occurs for theft of $500 or above. Punishment is up to one year in State penitentiary, a fine of up to $5,000, restitution and civil liability. Community service may also be ordered. Prior convictions are taken into consideration when sentencing.

Oregon

Under Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. Section 164.015.:

  • Theft in the 2nd degree for values of $100 to $1,000, Class A misdemeanor. Up to one year in jail and a fine of up to $6,250.
  • Theft in the 1st degree for values above $1,000, Class C felony. Up to five years in state prison and a fine of up to $125,000.
  • Aggravated theft in the 1st degree for values above $10,000, Class B felony. Up to 10 years in state prison and a fine of up to $250,000. Minimum of 16 to 45 months incarceration if the victim was older than 65.

Civil penalties are also imposed.

Pennsylvania

Under Pennsylvania Statutes Title 18 Section 3921, theft is classed as a 2nd degree felony for values over $2,000. Penalties depend on the type of property, the value of the property, the victim, and other aggravating and mitigating circumstances. 90 days in jail to seven years in prison, plus fines.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island covers grand larceny under Title 11, Criminal Offenses, Chapter 11-41, Theft, Embezzlement, False Pretenses, and Misappropriation, Section 11-41-1, Stealing as Larceny. Sentences depend on the circumstances of the crime.

South Carolina

Under S. C. Code Ann. Section 16-13-30(B).:

  • Grand larceny. Theft of $2,000 to $10,000. Felony. Up to five years in prison or a fine.
  • Grand larceny. Theft of above $10,000. Felony. Up to 10 years in prison or a fine.

Civil penalties are also imposed.

South Dakota

South Dakota recognizes petty theft, grand theft, and aggravated theft. Under SDC 1939, Section 13.3801; SDCL, Section 22-37-1; SL 1976, ch 158, Section 30A-7; SL 2005, ch 120, Section 49, aggravated theft, for values above $1,000, is a class 4 felony, leading to up to 10 years in state penitentiary and a fine of up to $20,000. Civil penalties may also be imposed.

Tennessee

Under Tenn. Code. Ann. Section 39-14-103:

  • Class E felony theft of $500 to $1,000. One to six years imprisonment and a fine of up to $3,000.
  • Class D felony theft of $1,000 to $10,000. Two to 12 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $5,000.
  • Class C felony theft of $10,000 to $60,000. Three to 15 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $10,000.
  • Class B felony theft of above $60,000. Eight to 30 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $25,000.

Civil penalties are also imposed and prior convictions significant impact sentencing ranges.

Texas

Under Texas Penal Code, Title 7, Chapter 31 (Penal Code, Title 7, Chapter 31:

  • State jail felony. Theft of $1,500 to $20,000. 180 days to two years incarceration and a fine of up to $10,000.
  • 3rd degree felony for theft of $20,000 to $100,000. Two to 10 years imprisonment at the Texas Department of Criminal Justice and a fine of up to $10,000.
  • 2nd degree felony for theft of $100,000 to $200,000. Two to 20 years imprisonment at the Texas Department of Criminal Justice and a fine of up to $10,000.
  • 1st degree felony for theft above $200,000. Five to 99 years in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice and/or a fine of up to $10,000.

Civil penalties are also imposed and prior convictions are taken into consideration with sentencing.

Utah

Under Utah Code Ann. Section 76-6-404.:

  • 3rd degree felony theft of $1,500 to $5,000. Up to five years imprisonment and a fine of up to $5,000.
  • 2nd degree felony theft ofabove $5,000. Up to 15 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $10,000.

Civil penalties are also charged and prior convictions are taken into consideration.

Vermont

Under the Vermont Statutes, Title 13: Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Chapter 57: Larceny and Embezzlement, Subchapter 1: Larceny, Section 2501: Grand Larceny, an offender can face up to 10 years imprisonment and/or a fine of up to $10,000, if the stolen property is valued at $900 or more.

Virginia

Virginia has numerous larceny statutes depending on what has been stolen. They include:

  • larceny of certain animals and poultry (Va. Code Ann. Section 18.2-97)
  • larceny of bank notes and checks (Section 18.2-98)
  • unauthorized use of an animal, aircraft, vehicle, or boat (Section 18.2-102)
  • concealing or taking possession of merchandise (shoplifting) (Section 18.2-103)
  • theft or destruction of public records (Section 18.2-107)
  • receiving stolen goods (Section 18.2-108)
  • embezzlement (Section 18.2-111)

If classified as grand larceny, for instance, if the value is above $200, then a felony conviction will be sought. One to 20 years in a correctional facility and fines may be charged at the judge’s discretion, who will take prior convictions into consideration. Civil penalties are also imposed.

Washington

Under Wash. Rev. Code Ann. Section 9A.56.020.:

  • Theft in the 2nd degree, Class C felony, for theft of $750 to $5,000. Up to five years in a state correctional institution and/or a fine of up to $10,000.
  • Theft in the 1st degree, Class B felony, for values above $5,000. Up to 10 years in a state correctional institution and/or a fine of up to $20,000.

Civil penalties are also imposed.

West Virginia

West Virginia has different statutes defining grand larceny:

  • larceny of bank notes, checks, and writings of value (W.Va. Code Section 61.3.14)
  • receiving or transferring stolen goods (Section 61.3.18)
  • embezzlement (Section 61.3.20)
  • obtaining money, property, and services by false pretenses (Section 61.3.24)

If the value is above $1,000, it is classified as “grand larceny”. One to ten years in state penitentiary, up to one year in jail, and/or a fine of up to $2,500. Civil penalties may also be imposed.

Wisconsin

Under Wis. Stat. Section 943.20:

  • Class I felony theft of $2,500 to $5,000. Fine of up to $10,000 and/or between six months and three years’ imprisonment.
  • Class H felony theft of $5,000 to $10,000. Fine of up to $10,000 and/or up to 10 years imprisonment.
  • Class G felony for values above $10,000. Fine of up to $25,000 and/or up to ten years imprisonment.

Civil penalties are also imposed.

Wyoming

In Wyoming, grand larceny is any theft of above $1,000. The type of property that was stolen, the circumstances of the crime, the value of the property, and the circumstances of the victim are all considered to determine appropriate sentence.

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