Federal Crime Laws

Examples and Warning Signs of Embezzlement

Embezzlement is defined as the theft or larceny of assets – including money or property – by a person in a position of trust in a company with responsibility for those assets. Embezzlement most often happens in corporate and employment settings. There are many ways you can commit the crime of embezzlement. But below are… Read More »

Resisting Arrest Laws, Charges and Punishment

The term “resisting arrest” is often used by law enforcement professionals to indicate that their arrest or investigation was not as easy as it could have been. For instance, someone who was reluctant to respond to an officer, or even slightly slow, could face a resisting arrest charge. A charge can even be brought if… Read More »

What Is False Imprisonment?

False imprisonment can be a crime, but it can also be a tort (civil action). Within the civil realm, false imprisonment is an intentional tort that means someone’s freedom of movement was intentionally restricted. It should not be confused with false arrest, however, despite the fact that the two are closely related and both can… Read More »

Breakdown of the Federal Indictment Process

A federal indictment is an official document in which an individual is formally charged with a crime. A case has been presented to a Grand Jury, which has determined that a trial should take place. If they do, then formal accusations are brought forward. It how the prosecution starts their proceedings, in other words. That… Read More »

How To Beat A Drug Trafficking Charge?

People who use drugs and get caught very often face not just drug possession charges, but also drug trafficking charges. If there is any way to show someone is part of a drug network, which a user by default is, then trafficking charges can be put forward. These charges are very serious and can lead… Read More »

What is a Preliminary Hearing? + Things to Know!

A preliminary hearing is the first time in the entire criminal justice process that a case is heard. It is a critical hearing, not in the least because sometimes all charges can be dismissed at this point. The alternative is that the case gets “held for court”, meaning a trial will be started. What Is… Read More »

What Is A Bond Hearing And How Does It Work?

During a bond hearing, a defendant has to appear in court and request that the judge allow him to be released from police custody while the criminal case is pending. It is common for the initial hearing, where the accused hears the charges, to also be a first bail bond hearing. This is known as… Read More »

1st Degree Vs 2nd Degree Burglary What Are The Differences?

The crime of burglary is actually a highly complex crime that comes in varying degrees. They are, as a rule of thumb, first, second, third, and fourth degree, although some states add a further sub-classification of with or without a weapon. In all states, burglary charges are classified as felonies. Fourth degree burglary is the… Read More »

Assault With A Deadly Weapon Laws

The crime of assault is complex to define, as there are many factors involved in it. Almost always, assault charges are trialed at the state level. Assault with a deadly weapon is a type of aggravated assault. This means that a person intended to inflict aggravated, severe, bodily injury to someone else. Usually, this is… Read More »

Criminal Threat Laws & Punishment Under PC 422

California Penal Code Section 422 highlights the laws and punishments on “criminal threats”. In the past, this crime was known as the “terroristic threat”. Facing this type of charge is incredibly serious. It is classed as a “wobbler” offense, meaning that the prosecutor decides whether the offense is a misdemeanor or a felony. Should the… Read More »

How Can Murder Become a Federal Crime?

Constitutionally, states generally handle their own criminal law, regardless of the severity of the crime. However, in some circumstances, murder can become a federal crime. Some examples of this happening include murder that attacks the judicial system or U.S. government, murder that happened on a body of water, murder that involved crossing state borders, and… Read More »

What to Know About Felony Probation

Felony probation is a program designed for severe criminal offenses. Felony probation is more carefully structured and supervised, given the seriousness of the crimes that led to the conviction and subsequent probation. It is important for the defendant to understand the requirements of felony probation to ensure he stays in full compliance with the law.… Read More »

Misappropriation of Funds Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Misappropriation of funds is a serious crime and means the illegal and intentional use of the funds of another party for one’s own use. Misappropriation of funds can be done by a trustee, a public official, an executor of a deceased person’s estate, or any other individual with the responsibility to care for and protect… Read More »

Revenge Porn Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Revenge porn is officially known under state laws as intentional distribution of non-consensual porn. This is a type of online harassment that happens when an ex-partner or a hacker posts sexually explicit images of someone online without their permission. This crime has been in the news in recent years related to several celebrities. Whether revenge… Read More »

Burglary vs Theft vs Robbery What are Main Differences?

Burglary, theft and robbery are related, but there are key differences between these three crimes. Of course, what they have in common is they usually involve the unauthorized taking of another person’s personal property. But beyond this, burglary, theft and robbery are separate crimes. Below is more information about what distinguishes them from one another.… Read More »

What is Vehicular Assault?

Vehicular assault is a crime that involves using a vehicle to hurt or threaten another person. This crime is often accompanied by other serious traffic offenses. For example, if a driver operates a vehicle recklessly at high speed and hurts a pedestrian or other driver, he could be charged with both vehicular assault and reckless… Read More »

What Is Strong Armed Robbery?

Strong armed robbery is a specific type of larceny that is committed with a threat of force or intimidation that usually does not involve a weapon. Larceny is is the taking away of another person’s property with the intent to deprive them of the property. An example of strong arm robbery is someone robbing a bank… Read More »

Domestic Violence Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Domestic violence is violent acts that are done by a member of a household or family member. It most commonly involves one’s partner or children. According to the US Surgeon General, domestic violence is the top health concern in the country today. The victims of domestic violence can by anyone, matter their age, race, gender,… Read More »

Child Endangerment Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Child endangerment is a type of child abuse. These are usually state charges that can be brought against you if you put a child in danger of imminent harm of bodily injury, death, or mental or physical impairment. Child endangerment often is included with assault related charges, but it does not require you to commit… Read More »

What Is a Class C Felony?

About ⅓ of US states have felonies subdivided into lettered classes. In most of these states, a class C felony is a mid-range crime. It is a serious felony, but does not rise to the level of the most serious ones, such as murder. Still, you are likely to have a long prison sentence and… Read More »

How to Handle an Outstanding Warrant

Have you discovered there is a bench or arrest warrant issued against you? Or, have you missed a court appearance that you were required to attend? The most important thing to do in these urgent situations is to not ignore it. Take action right away. When you do not show up for court, the judge… Read More »

What is Sexting? Is it Illegal?

Sexting has gained in popularity in the last decade, despite potentially serious consequences. As the use of mobile phones has soared, so has all sorts of texting activity, including the sending of sexually explicit messages via text. While the legality of sexting, a type of Internet sex crime in many cases, will depend upon the… Read More »

What Does Acquitted Mean? Plus High Profile Examples

An acquittal is the former acknowledgement that the state or federal prosecutor in a criminal trial has failed to prove the defendant was guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. The jury may find the defendant not guilty, but the acquittal does not always prove the defendant is innocent. Because of this fact, the defendant acquitted in… Read More »

What is 3rd Degree Assault?

Assault is defined as an intentional act that leads to fear of harm, or offensive touching. In most states, assault is divided into degrees. Note that assault laws do not require actual physical contact to occur. As long as the victim reasonably fears that contact will happen, the court can rule that assault occurred. The… Read More »

Possession of a Controlled Substance

A controlled substance is an illegal narcotic that can affect a person’s health and welfare. Both state and federal laws make it a crime to possess controlled substances. Someone who is caught with controlled substances can be sentenced to jail or prison and receive heavy fines. However, possessing controlled substances is not always illegal. Some… Read More »

What is Assault?

In US criminal law, assault is usually listed with battery, as in ‘assault and battery.’ But assault is a separate charge from battery. Assault is generally defined as attempted battery. It also can be defined as intent to create a reasonable apprehension of harm. Assault essentially refers to situations where a person creates a fear… Read More »

What Is Negligent Misrepresentation?

Misrepresentation generally means making a false statement of fact that induces a person to enter into a contract. For instance, it is misrepresentation to say a TV is almost new when it is actually six years old. Negligent misrepresentation is one of the recognized types of misrepresentation in contract law. It means you did not… Read More »

Preponderance of Evidence vs Reasonable Doubt

Burden of proof is a vital legal component that states that one must provide sufficient evidence to support an argument or claim in order for the jury or judge to rule in your favor. Most Americans are familiar with ‘beyond a reasonable doubt’ standard that is used for criminal cases. But civil lawsuits have a… Read More »

Theft by Deception Laws Charges

Theft by deception is similar to a regular theft charge, which is the illegal taking of property that belongs to another person with the intent to deprive the person of their property. Theft by deception is different in that it requires that you employed a deceptive act or used deceptive words to persuade the person… Read More »

Different Types of Assault + Penalities

In US criminal law, assault is usually listed with battery, as in ‘assault and battery.’ But assault is a separate charge from battery. Assault is generally defined as attempted battery. It also can be defined as intent to create a reasonable apprehension of harm. Assault essentially refers to situations where a person creates a fear… Read More »

Class A Misdemeanor vs Class A Felony

If you have been charged with a crime, it is natural to want to know what sorts of penalties you can get if convicted. Therefore it is important to understand the difference misdemeanors and felonies, especially a class A misdemeanor and class A felony, which are generally the most serious crimes. Some crimes can be… Read More »

Terrorism + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

International and domestic terrorism are defined in federal law under 18 USC 2331. International and domestic terrorism are defined as violent or dangerous acts that endanger human life, and violate state or federal law. Further, such acts are intended to coerce or intimidate civilians, or are intended to influence government policy or government conduct through… Read More »

Federal Crimes Vs. State Crimes

When it comes to understanding the criminal justice system, it’s fair to say that many different laws can overlap, leading to questions and doubts about which criminal court should be permitted to prosecute any particular crime. If the crime in question happens within one state, it is usually referred to as a state crime unless… Read More »

What is Criminal Arraignment? Plus Common Questions

If you have been charged with a federal crime, you will most certainly have questions about the process, including the arraignment. Below are the most frequent questions we receive about the felony criminal arraignment hearing at the federal level: What is the arraignment hearing? A felony arraignment hearing is a former court proceeding and a… Read More »

Vehicular Manslaughter + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

A driver who accidentally causes an accident that leads to the deaths of passengers, occupants of other vehicles or pedestrians can be charged with vehicular manslaughter, or vehicular homicide, depending upon the state. A vehicular manslaughter charge may be appropriate if you were: Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol Driving recklessly or carelessly… Read More »

What is Uniform Code of Military Justice?

The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is a federal code of laws that was enacted by the US Congress to define the military justice system. It also lists criminal offenses according to military law. According to the federal statute, the President of the United States, who is the Commander in Chief of the Armed… Read More »

What to Do Under Federal Investigation

Being under federal investigation for a suspected crime is very upsetting and stressful. Below are some of the important things to know if you think you are under federal investigation. How You Know You know you are under federal investigation in one several ways: There is a knock at the door: Most people who are… Read More »

What is the Process of a Grand Jury Subpoena?

A grand jury can use the power of the court to subpoena evidence and witnesses. In this process, the prosecutor will visit the office of the court clerk and obtain subpoena forms. The prosecutor will then fill them out and put the name of the person on each one that is being subpoenaed. The prosecutor… Read More »

What is Aggravated Assault? Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Aggravated assault is a serious criminal offense that is punished more severely than other forms of assault. Factors that may raise a regular assault charge to aggravated assault are: Use of a weapon Status of victim Intent of the suspect Degree of injury Assaults that happen in the home of the victim also may constitute… Read More »

What is Grand Theft? + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Theft has been around as long as mankind has had individual property rights. Today, each state divides theft into various categories. The term ‘grand theft’ describes the theft of property above a specific dollar amount. A theft happens when a person is deprived of their property by another person, with the intent to deprive that… Read More »

Treason Laws, Charges & Punishment + Statute of Limitations

Treason is the only crime that is specifically written into the US Constitution. It is defined as intentionally betraying one’s allegiance to their country by levying war against the US government, and/or giving aid and comfort to its enemies. This is the most serious criminal offense one can commit against the government. Punishment is imprisonment… Read More »

DUI DWI OUI + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Driving with a BAC or blood alcohol concentration of .08 or higher is illegal in all 50 states. DUI, or driving under the influence, includes alcohol and any type of intoxicant or narcotic that can impair your physical abilities and judgement. This also includes prescription drugs. A driver can theoretically register a BAC of .00… Read More »

What Is a Federal DUI? + Charges, Laws & Penalities

Although driving under impairment (DUI) is considered a crime in all 50 states, the offense rises to the level of a federal crime in some situations. The legal and social consequences of a federal DUI conviction can be severe. Despite the seriousness of the charge, it is possible for a federal criminal defense attorney to… Read More »

Child Molestation + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Those who are charged with child abuse are facing a very serious crime. The exact sentence and penalties that they will incur vary depending on a range of factors. These include the age of the child, which state the crime was committed in, the extent of the molestation, whether the molestation led to physical or… Read More »

Prostitution & Solicitation + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Prostitution and solicitation are two separate, but closely rated, crimes. Solicitation happens when someone demands, encourages, or requests someone to engage in prostitution, which is a criminal act in and on itself. Prostitution, meanwhile, exists in many forms, from sophisticated escort service to street walkers. Engaging in, agreeing to, or offering sexual acts in return… Read More »

Mortgage Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Mortgage fraud is an incredibly complicated crime. It is believed that, if accidental omissions and errors were included, at least 10% of all mortgage applications would be fraudulent. What makes something a crime, however, is intent. It can be very difficult to prove whether or not someone intentionally omitted a piece of information, or intentionally… Read More »

Prescription Drug Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Prescription drug fraud is a growing problem, with 3-10% of every healthcare dollar in the US lost to fraud. Federal, state and local law enforcement report that diverted pharmaceutical traffic is one of their biggest problems. According to a survey in 2009, from 28-58% of police agencies around the US reported that street gangs and… Read More »

What is Phishing? + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Phishing is a crime in which a perpetrator sends a form of communication (usually email) to someone else because they want the recipient to inadvertently reveal personal information. The fraudulent nature of a phishing message is cleverly disguised, as they look as if the communication is official. In the message, the recipient is requested to… Read More »

Statutory Rape + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Those who have sexual relations with somebody who has not yet reached the ‘age of consent’ are considered to have performed the crime of statutory rape. Depending on the state in which they live, different charges can be brought against them. Different states also call statutory rape by different names, including ‘sexual intercourse with a… Read More »

Sexual Battery + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

There are many different sexual crimes, one of which is sexual battery. What brings all the sexual crimes together is that a sexual act is forced against them without their consent. Sexual battery is the lesser form of this, meaning that no sexual penetration or intercourse took place. However, it is still a criminal act… Read More »

What is Stalking + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Stalking is a criminal act that involves harassing and repeatedly following someone else. A series of actions have to be identified before something is classed as a crime, however. For instance, it is not a criminal act to wait outside someone’s place of work, to write love letters, or to send flowers. However, when this… Read More »

Sex Trafficking + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Sex trafficking has been popularized through television and movies. Pimps look like suave gentlemen living lavish lifestyles with expensive cars and big jewelry. The women, meanwhile, are depicted as adults who voluntarily and consensually engage in prostitution. Unfortunately, this is a highly inaccurate depiction. The reality is that pimps traffic young women, or men, forcing… Read More »

Welfare Fraud Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Individuals who can demonstrate financial need can sometimes be provided with benefits or public relief, known as ‘welfare’. What they receive depends on their financial status, disability, and age. Various pieces of welfare exist, including food stamps (Supplement Nutrition Assistance Program or SNAP) and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Welfare payments are made… Read More »

Perjury + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Perjury is the crime of lying under oath. It is a very serious offense because, if not identified, the justice system cannot meet its goal: finding out the truth. Perjury is something that can affect everybody, and the consequences can be very serious. Consider, for instance, that President Bill Clinton was impeached because of it,… Read More »

Pandering + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Pandering laws often go hand in hand with pimping laws. They are designed to stop the sex industry by criminalizing the intermediaries, which are those who transport prostitutes between different locations, solicit money from prostitutes, recruit prostitutes into the sex industry, and advertise sex services. Pandering is a serious offense with the potential for significant… Read More »

Negligent Homicide + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Negligent homicide is generally trialed at the state level, as part of their homicide statutes. Usually, it is the lowest form of offense that has the death of another human as a result. Homicide is a very general category, and various situations can describe it. The charge of homicide, and whether it is negligent or… Read More »

Manslaughter + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Manslaughter is a crime that deals with homicide. What sets it apart from murder is that the culpability of the defendant can be mitigated because no deliberation or malice was found. An unlawful killing took place, as with first and second degree murder, but the circumstances surrounding this killing go some way towards justifying the… Read More »

Indecent Exposure + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Indecent exposure is a crime in all states. It involves publicly displaying one’s genitals, which causes alarm or offence to others. Usually, the crime is committed for sexual gratification, as it entices a sexual response. Indecent exposure literally means that bare genitals are exposed on purpose. Female breasts are not classed as genitals, however. Additionally,… Read More »

Human Trafficking + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Human trafficking happens when one or more individuals are controlled and exploited for profit. Victims include adults over the of 18 who are deceived or coerced into commercial sex acts, children who are sold or otherwise used in the sex trade, and anyone who is compelled to take part in forced labor. Across the country,… Read More »

What is Entrapment? + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Entrapment is not a crime, but rather a defense. It is used to demonstrate that law enforcement agents and a defendant interacted before a crime too place, and that the defendant was encouraged to commit a crime he or she would otherwise not have committed. The law is in place to stop law enforcement agents,… Read More »

What is Enticement? + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

The crime of enticement is a sexual crime, and one that is most often committed against children. As a result, this is a very serious offense with heavy penalties. Each state, however, has very different rules and regulations in terms of defining what constitutes enticement. Similarly, their penalties and their statutes of limitations vary greatly… Read More »

Obstruction Of Justice + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Obstruction of justice is a crime that is different from the norm because it does not involve harm to a person or to property. It does, however, describe a huge range of crimes, but these are committed against justice administration. Statutes at both state and federal level cover these crimes, and laws have been in… Read More »

Aiding And Abetting + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Aiding and abetting, or accessory, charges can be brought against any person who assisted in the commission of a crime. There are significant differences in the application of this law between states. However, in almost all cases, someone who is guilty of aiding and abetting does not actually have to be present during the crime.… Read More »

Whistleblower + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

There are many violations of the law that endanger the public, but may not be reported. Many witnesses may be afraid that they will be retaliated against in their jobs. When we are in a position to know about criminal wrongdoing, we may be reluctant to act because our incomes and health insurance depend upon… Read More »

Medicare Fraud Lawyer + Laws, Charges, Penalties

Most doctors, health care providers and suppliers who work with health care programs and Medicare are honest. However, there are a few bad actors who are not. Medicare and healthcare fraud occurs when you bill Medicare or another federal health care program for services and/or supplies that you did not receive. Medicare and healthcare programs… Read More »

Federal Statutes of Limitations

Just as with most state crimes, federal crimes usually have a statute of limitations. This is a limit of time where federal charges may be filed against you or any person who is suspected of committing a crime, within a certain time period of when the crime allegedly happened. This is a protection for people… Read More »

How to Lookup & Search Federal & Criminal Charges

A federal charge can be brought against you for a variety of crimes, and results in a complaint or indictment against you. The complaint is written by the US attorney on the case about the federal crime charge. If there is a preliminary hearing, which seldom occurs at the federal level, once you are bound… Read More »

The Great Marijuana Divide

How Does Marijuana Divide the Country? There has been controversy about the smoking of marijuana in the US for decades. American support for legalizing marijuana has changed a great deal, according to the statistics in the graphic below. According to these statistics, American support for legalizing the drug has greatly increased by decade: 1969: 12%… Read More »

Medicare Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Current US law states that if you are found guilty of Medicare fraud, you can face fines and imprisonment. The amount of the fine that you receive can vary, depending upon which statute you violated. For instance, if you made a false statement about a medical service that you know you did not receive or… Read More »

List of Federal Sex Crimes & Types of Charges

Federal sex crimes are some of most serious offenses in the United States. These types of federal crimes are associated with the most severe penalties, typically involving a significant imprisonment term, fines and sex offender registration which may negatively influence other aspects of life following imprisonment. When the sex crime involves a child or minor,… Read More »

Federal White Collar Crime Lawyer

Federal white collar crimes generally refer to any crime that involves financial gain through illegal activity, often initiated by business professionals. Federal white collar crimes are governed by the authority of select agencies under The Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, including: Internal Revenue Service Securities and Exchange Commission FBI Secret Service U.S. Customs Environmental… Read More »

Healthcare Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Healthcare fraud is a white collar crime that occurs when a health practitioner or a consumer intentionally submits fake or misleading information that is used to determine how much of a health care benefit should be paid. It is estimated that healthcare fraud costs the US government about $68 billion per year. This accounts for… Read More »

Insider Trading Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Insider trading refers to the trading of stocks or securities by people who have access to information that is not open to the public. By taking advantage of privileged access to this information, you are considered to be breaching your fiduciary duty. You also can be convicted of insider trading if you tip friends off… Read More »

Internet Sex Crimes + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

The Internet is the latest frontier for law enforcement officials. The majority of Internet sex crimes involve people who are underage, dealing in videos of child pornography, or using the Internet to set up sexual contacts with children. Approximately 2,500 people are arrested every year in the US for Internet sex crimes involving minors. About… Read More »

Cyberbullying Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Cyberbullying is using technology to threaten, harass, embarrass or target another person. Some of the most common types of cyberbullying include: Threats on online social media Rude texts Mean or negative tweets Posting personal information and/or videos that are intended to hurt and embarrass someone Cyberbullying also can include pictures, messages or web pages that… Read More »

List of Federal Drug Charges

A federal drug charge is a narcotic-related criminal act deemed illegal by the federal government. While many federal drug crimes are also state crimes, some acts are considered criminal only at the federal level (for instance, marijuana is now legal in Colorado but still deemed illegal by the U.S. government). Federal crimes are prosecuted in federal courts… Read More »

Examples and Types of Federal Crimes

Per the laws of the United States, criminal offenses can be considered state offenses or federal offenses. They are prosecuted accordingly, either at the state level or at the federal level. A federal crime is one that has been made illegal by federal legislation. Many types of federal crime are also illegal at the state… Read More »

Non Prosecution Agreement: A Minor Role in Federal Crime

When trying to prosecute many crimes, the only way that the U.S. Attorney’s office can get some necessary evidence is to get it from people who were involved in the crime being prosecuted. People involved in criminal activity try to cover their tracks and make sure that they only people who know about the crime… Read More »

What is the Sentence for Drug Trafficking + 8 Other Common Questions

Drug trafficking crimes get a great deal of attention at both the state and federal level, and it is easy to see why. Drug abuse costs the US over $10 billion per year, due to death, injuries, health care costs, treatment, incarceration expenses and more. What constitutes drug trafficking? If you are being charged with… Read More »

Understanding RICO Conspiracy Laws + Charges

The federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act “RICO” is often thought of as a law designed to combat the Mafia. While that is how the law was first primarily used and intended, it has been applied in cases involving organizations that few people would mistake for the Mafia, including Major League Baseball, the Key… Read More »

Drug Trafficking & Distribution Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal drug trafficking/distribution laws provide stiff penalties for the selling, transportation and illegal importation of illegal drugs,such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine and other drugs. Drug trafficking and distribution is a felony, and is much more serious than simple drug possession. If you are found possessing drugs, you can be charged with trafficking if law… Read More »

What Are the Stages & Steps of Criminal Case During & After Arrest

The process of criminal justice in the US will vary some, depending if it is a federal or a state crime. However, the general criminal justice process in the US during and after the initial arrest is as follows: Arrest If a police officer has probable cause that you have committed a crime, they generally… Read More »

Lawyer Help with Federal Arraignment Process + Video

First time federal criminal defendants often hear the word “Arraignment” and get a little scared because the word itself is formal and not used outside of criminal law. This leads defendants to expect that something big will happen at their arraignment hearings. However, after the hearings, it is common for defendants to turn to their… Read More »

Pending Federal Criminal Charges Now What?

When people talk about having pending federal charges, they are talking about one of two things: Charges that have been filed, but not yet prosecuted, or Charges that will be filed. These are very different circumstances that have to be handled in different ways. Charges Already Filed Sometimes, an Assistant U.S. Attorney will file criminal… Read More »

Plea Agreements, Deals & Bargaining in Federal Court

Most federal criminal cases never go to trial. Instead, they end with a formal plea bargain between the defendant and the U.S. Attorney’s office. The defendant agrees to plead guilty and in exchange the prosecution agrees to either drop some charges or agrees to recommend a shorter sentence for the defendant. The prosecution normally likes… Read More »

The Importance of a Pre-Sentence Report

If someone has been convicted of or plead guilty to a federal crime, the pre-sentence report is perhaps the most important document in his or her life. This is a formal report issued by the U.S. Probation Office that is presented to the judge. The report details what the Probation Office thinks is an appropriate… Read More »

Rule 10 Arraignment- How to Appear by Video Conference

Why is Rule 10. such a key federal rule? First let’s note an arraignment hearing is one of the many small steps in the federal criminal process that must occur in all cases. Traditionally, the arraignment required the defendant’s personal presence in the courtroom. However, recent amendments to Rule 10 of the Federal Rules of… Read More »

What is the Mandatory Minimum Sentences for Drugs Charges?

In the mid-1980s, new federal laws were passed that provided for mandatory minimum sentences for many drug offenses. Many legislatures in the US adopted these harsher sentences to fight drug offenses. The idea behind these laws was to punish large drug dealers and traffickers with tough prison sentences. The federal system led the way when… Read More »

Lawyer Help for Federal Criminal Investigations

Federal criminal investigations are not like other investigations. When most of us start investigating something, we do not have an idea of what happened. We seek people out who might know and start asking them questions. As we get more information, we start to form an opinion. However, by the time that federal criminal investigators… Read More »

What to Expect in a Grand Jury Indictment Investigation

The grand jury has a very important role in the criminal process at both the state and federal levels. It is however, a part of the criminal justice system in the United States that is often shrouded in mystery. If you are being investigated for a possible federal crime by a federal grand jury, it… Read More »

Bank Robbery Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Bank robbery has a long and sometimes even a somewhat glamorized history, thanks in large part to its depiction in films and TV. But the reality is that it is one of the most serious crimes a person can be charged with, leading to very long prison sentences and other penalties. Bank robbery is just… Read More »

Child Pornography + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Child pornography is defined as any pornography that involves a minor under the age of 18. The media doesn’t matter, and magazines, photos, drawings, sounds, film, and more can all be considered child pornography. There are technically two types of child pornography – simulated child pornography and porn created with the direct involvement of the… Read More »

Counterfeiting Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

In one form or another, counterfeiting has existed for hundreds of years and is still a problem today. There are two main types of counterfeiting crimes that are commonly committed today – counterfeiting currency, and counterfeiting goods. Both are very serious and will be charged as felonies. Additionally, the specific situation could bring even heavier… Read More »

Immigration Offense + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

While immigration laws are put in place in order to help control the influx of people to a country, and while nearly all nations in the world have them, US immigration law is one of the most controversial. This is largely due to a history of exclusionary, near-xenophobic laws that are now much more inclusive… Read More »

Kidnapping + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Kidnapping is a type of crime that involves taking a person away, imprisoning, confining, or transporting a person against their will. There are many different types of kidnapping, and the type that one is charged with will depend upon the specifics of the crime. Kidnapping is done for ransom, in child custody cases, to further… Read More »

Mail Fraud Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Mail fraud is defined by US law as any type of scheme involving fraud that intentionally deprives others of property or communications through the mail. It also includes wire communication, and is a federal crime that has been on the books since 1872. There have been many schemes and frauds over the years, though the… Read More »

Drug Possession Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Drug possession is one of the most diverse and common types of criminal drug charges that Americans face today. It can also be one of the most serious, depending upon the specifics of the possession charge. Essentially, possession is the act of possessing illegal drugs, either on one’s person or on their property. Simple possession… Read More »

Drug Smuggling Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Smuggling is the act of transporting goods across borders in order to avoid import or export restrictions, avoid customs agents, or to avoid any other kind of notice from authorities. When most people hear the term, they think of narcotics, weapons, or even humans. But numerous other goods are smuggled regularly across international borders, ranging… Read More »

What Does it Mean? Pre vs Post Grand Jury Indictment

Federal criminal prosecutions follow strict procedural maps. Before one thing can happen, other things must have happened first. An obvious example is that before someone can be sentenced for committing a crime, he or she first has to be convicted of that crime. There are many other landmarks in the prosecution of federal crimes that… Read More »

Is Embezzlement a Felony or Federal Crime?

The full definition of embezzle is to appropriate property entrusted in ones care fraudulently to ones own use.  Embezzlement is a type of financial fraud. More often than not, embezzlement is performed in a manner that is premeditated, systematic and/or methodical, with the explicit intent to conceal the activities from other individuals. Embezzlement usually involves… Read More »

Blackmail Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Blackmail is a criminal offense in which a party, who has obtained information about a victim, demands or receives “money or any other valuable thing” as a consequence for not informing third parties about the information in question. Blackmail is considered a federal crime and can be punishable by either fines or imprisonment depending upon… Read More »

Bribery Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Chapter 11 of the United States Code defines bribery as any act in which a person directly or indirectly gives, offers, or promises anything of value to a public official in order to influence any official act. Precedent has shown that the individual in question does not need to be an elected official at the… Read More »

Internet Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Computer & internet fraud refers to any form of fraud that is facilitated using an electronic communication network such as the internet. Fraud, in turn, is defined in federal law by 42 CFR 455.2, which refers to “an intentional deception or misrepresentation” by any individual which is intended to result in unauthorized benefit or material… Read More »

Conspiracy Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Conspiracy is a large category of crimes in which more than one person works together in secret with the object of committing a crime. In federal and state laws, there is no such thing as a criminal conspiracy that stands alone – that is, you cannot “conspire” to engage in a noncriminal act. Rather, conspiracy… Read More »

Corruption Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Public corruption is a broad category of white-collar crime defined by a breach of public trust or an abuse of power enacted by public officials. Corruption can take place when the corrupt individual receives a bribe or solicits one. Although all states have laws pertaining to public corruption, federal corruption charges are made more likely… Read More »

Credit Card Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Credit card fraud is defined in U.S. Codes 18 USC § 1029. Under these rules, credit cards and similar items that provide access to financial institutions are known as “access devices.” Federal laws cover anyone who knowingly, or with fraudulent intent, produces or distributes fraudulent credit cards. Likewise, anyone who engages in the use of… Read More »

Drug & Narcotics + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal drug charges result from violations of the federal laws pertaining to possession, manufacture, and sale of controlled substances. Federal Drug Charges Laws Federal and state drug laws differ markedly. State drug laws have a tendency to be relatively lenient compared to federal laws depending upon the specific activity that the alleged possessor of drugs… Read More »

What is Espionage? +Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Espionage is a broad category of federal crimes defined by 18 USC Chapter 37. The motivating factor in most cases of espionage is the collection and provision of sensitive information from the United States government to other entities or agencies abroad. Since 9/11, the frequency and harshness of espionage case prosecution has increased. Whenever someone… Read More »

What is Extortion? + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Under federal law, there are many different types of extortion that might be prosecuted as a federal crime. Extortion can stand on its own as a federal offense, or it can be part of a pattern of offenses including bribery and corruption. One of the most pertinent forms of federal extortion is defined in 18… Read More »

Government Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

There are various types of fraud that can be punished under federal law. Generally speaking, fraud refers to intentional deception that has an element of personal gain or that can damage another person. Federal government fraud refers not only to fraud perpetrated by members of the federal government, but fraud committed by other private individuals… Read More »

Weapons & Guns + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal gun charges are among the most complex of federal laws. All states, as well as the federal government, have a sophisticated network of laws relating to who can possess firearms, what firearms may be possessed, where they can be used, and how they may be used. That being the case, there are many different… Read More »

Federal Grand Larceny Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Larceny and theft often are used to refer to the same thing in many circles, but there are some major differences regarding the nature of the crimes involved. Once the amount of the stolen item is over $250, it goes from a misdemeanor to a felony. At that point, it then is a grand larceny… Read More »

Money Laundering Laws, Charges, Statute of Limitations

Money laundering refers to any organized network of activities intended to “convert” money obtained from illicit activities so that it appears to be money gotten from lawful sources. Money laundering is frequently the hallmark of organized crime syndicates. Criminal cartels make use of “front” businesses that appear lawful in order to construct a new “paper… Read More »

Telemarketing Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Phone & telemarketing fraud is any form of deception or misrepresentation intended to result in material gain and executed over the phone or by way of telemarketing. Telemarketing fraud is one of the fastest growing categories of federal crime in the United States and is estimated to be the source of tens of millions of… Read More »

Racketeering RICO Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal racketeering laws arose from the legal difficulty of prosecuting the leaders of organized criminal cartels. Under the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, also known as 18 USC §§ 1961-1968, legislators sought to address loopholes that had allowed some criminal bosses to avoid prosecution for activities by avoiding association with criminal acts their… Read More »

Securities & Commodities Fraud Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Securities fraud is an extremely complex subject. In a general sense, it refers to any form of fraud that has to do with securities such as stocks and bonds. During the process of becoming a public entity, corporations must disclose an extraordinary amount of information to federal regulators and to potential investors in order to… Read More »

Sex Crimes + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal sex crimes include those forcible and other crimes with a sexual element that take place within a federal jurisdiction. They can also include sexual crimes leveled against individuals who cannot consent under the law, including minors and some individuals whose ability to consent is impaired by a medical or other condition. In many cases,… Read More »

Structuring + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Under federal laws, certain kinds of financial transactions must be reported by banks to the federal government. Although banks bear the ultimate responsibility for reporting these transactions appropriately, individuals may choose to “structure” their transactions in such a way that they will be able to dodge these reporting requirements. For example, although banks are required… Read More »

What is Tax Evasion? Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Tax evasion is any willful, systematic attempt to avoid paying federal taxes by falsifying documents or avoiding reporting requirements. Experts estimate that hundreds of millions of dollars in federal taxes go unreported every year in the United States. Of these, the majority is believed to “disappear” through unreported income that does not have a sufficient… Read More »

Wire Fraud Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

While fraud is the category of crimes that focuses on intentional deception for material gain, wire fraud is the category of fraud that has to do with the use of telecommunications equipment such as wire, television, or radio. It is defined under federal law by 18 USC § 1343 and is distinct from other categories… Read More »

URGENT: Federal Target Letter US Attorney Office Pre-Indictment

The purpose of the website is so that people who receive a target letter from the United States attorney’s office retain counsel for the limited and immediate purpose to intervene and alert the United States attorney’s office that the target of a federal grand jury investigation will be engaging counsel. Then decisions whether to cooperate… Read More »

Types & Examples of Federal & Criminal Charges + Definitions

Title 18 of the United States Code is the criminal and penal code of the federal government of the United States. It deals with federal crimes and criminal procedure. According to 18 USC Criminal Code the following crimes are considered federal of nature: Aircraft and Motor Vehicle Crimes – Aircraft and motor vehicle crimes include destruction… Read More »

What Are the Federal Sentencing Guidelines + Chart 2019

A criminal justice system without punishments for people convicted of crimes would be pointless. Such a system could conclude that someone was guilty, but would not have the ability to do anything about it. Most people would not view the system as just and the system would do little to deter anyone else from committing… Read More »

Embezzlement Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Embezzlement is a form of property theft. It happens when a person who was supposed to manage another person’s or entity’s property, steals some or all of those assets. The important legal aspect is that the person had legal access to the money or property of another but did not actually have legal ownership of… Read More »