Author Archives: Geoffrey Nathan, Esq

What is the Federal RICO Act?

The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, commonly known as the RICO Act, is a United States federal law that provides for extended criminal penalties and a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. Enacted by the Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 and signed into law by… Read More »

Top 50 Criminal Defense Practice Areas

Navigating the complexities of criminal law can be daunting, particularly given the wide range of offenses and the varying legal frameworks that govern them. Criminal defense attorneys specialize in defending individuals and organizations charged with criminal activity, ensuring their clients’ rights are protected throughout the legal process. This comprehensive list outlines the top 50 criminal… Read More »

Notorious Examples of Federal Crimes in Modern History

In the intricate tapestry of the legal system, federal crimes stand out as significant breaches of law that warrant attention not just nationally but often internationally. These offenses, prosecuted by federal agencies and subject to federal laws, encompass a wide array of activities, from white-collar fraud to terrorism. Examining notable examples sheds light on the… Read More »

Battling Military Romance Scams with Legal Recourse

In the age of digital connectivity, military romance scams have become a growing concern, preying on the hearts and wallets of unsuspecting individuals. These scams involve impostors assuming false military identities to manipulate emotions and exploit financial resources. While falling victim to such a scheme can be emotionally and financially devastating, there are legal avenues… Read More »

PPP Arrests? Indictments? Are People Going to Jail?

The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) was designed to provide financial relief to businesses struggling during the COVID-19 pandemic. Administered by the Small Business Administration (SBA), the PPP offered forgivable loans to help businesses keep their workforce employed. However, as with many large-scale financial relief efforts, the program was marred by instances of fraud and abuse.… Read More »

What Is A Sealed Indictment?

Facing a state or federal criminal charge can be overwhelming, especially with the complex legal language involved. One such term you might encounter is “sealed indictment.” Understanding this concept and the associated legal procedures can make the process less intimidating, especially with the guidance of an experienced criminal defense attorney. What is a Sealed Indictment?… Read More »

Best Baltimore MD Criminal Defense Lawyers for 2024

Selecting a top criminal defense attorney in Baltimore is essential for those aiming to secure the best possible outcome in their legal battles. Based on meticulous evaluations of Google reviews, Google ratings, and Avvo ratings, we present the top 15 criminal defense lawyers in Baltimore. Why These Baltimore Criminal Defense Lawyers? Our goal is to… Read More »

Best Orlando FL Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Orlando Criminal Defense Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Orlando. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list… Read More »

Best Tampa FL Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Tampa Criminal Defense Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Tampa. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list… Read More »

Best Minneapolis MN Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Minneapolis Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Minneapolis. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Miami FL Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Miami Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Miami. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Memphis TN Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Memphis Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Memphis. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Portland OR Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Portland Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Portland. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Oklahoma City Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Oklahoma City Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Oklahoma City. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked… Read More »

Best Las Vegas NV Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Las Vegas Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Las Vegas. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked… Read More »

Best Detroit MI Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Detroit Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Detroit. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best El Paso TX Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These El Paso Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in El Paso. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked… Read More »

Best Washington D.C. Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These D.C. Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Washington, D.C. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list… Read More »

Best Denver CO Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Denver Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Denver. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Seattle WA Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Seattle Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Seattle. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Milwaukee WI Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Milwaukee Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Milwaukee. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Jacksonville FL Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Jacksonville Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Jacksonville. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Columbus OH Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Columbus Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Columbus. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Charlotte NC Criminal Defense Lawyers for 2024

Choosing a top criminal defense attorney in Charlotte is crucial for those seeking to secure the best possible legal outcomes. We’ve conducted a thorough evaluation of local lawyers based on Google reviews, Google ratings, and Avvo ratings to present you with a definitive list of the top 15 criminal defense attorneys in Charlotte. Why These… Read More »

Best Indianapolis Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Indianapolis Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Indianapolis. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Phoenix AZ Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Phoenix Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Phoenix. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Philadelphia PA Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Philadelphia Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Philadelphia. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a handpicked list of… Read More »

Best Houston Criminal Defense Lawyers for 2024

Selecting a top criminal defense attorney in Houston is crucial for securing the best possible outcome in your legal proceedings. We have thoroughly evaluated local lawyers based on Google reviews, Google ratings, and Avvo ratings to provide a definitive list of the top 15 criminal defense attorneys in Houston. Why These Houston Criminal Defense Lawyers?… Read More »

Best Fort Worth Criminal Defense Lawyers

Why These Fort Worth Criminal Defense Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in Fort Worth. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you a… Read More »

Best Worcester MA Criminal Lawyers

Why These Worcester Criminal Lawyers? Our goal is to connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys serving Worcester Massachusetts. We scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm on a half dozen metrics in three categories and analyzed the results to give you a hand-picked list of the best. Attorneys Reviewed: 12 Top Selection Picks:… Read More »

Best Springfield MA Criminal Lawyers

Why These Springfield Criminal Lawyers? Our goal is to connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys serving Springfield, Massachusetts. We scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm on a half dozen metrics in three categories and analyzed the results to give you a hand-picked list of the best. Attorneys Reviewed: 12 Top Selection Picks:… Read More »

Best New York City NYC Criminal Lawyers

Why These New York City Criminal Lawyers? We help connect consumers with top-rated criminal defense attorneys in New York City. To determine which are the best of the best, we scored each criminal defense attorney or law firm across a half-dozen metrics covering three categories. Each firm or attorney’s results were analyzed to bring you… Read More »

Best Dallas Criminal Defense Lawyers

Choosing a top criminal defense attorney in Dallas is crucial for securing the best possible outcome in your case. We’ve evaluated the leading lawyers based on Google reviews, Google ratings, and Avvo ratings. Here are the top 15 criminal defense lawyers in Dallas, ranked accordingly. Why These Dallas Criminal Defense Lawyers? We connect consumers with… Read More »

Best Chicago Criminal Defense Lawyers for 2024

Selecting a top criminal defense attorney in Chicago is crucial for those seeking to secure the best possible legal outcomes. We’ve conducted a thorough evaluation of local lawyers based on Google reviews, Google ratings, and Avvo ratings to present you with a definitive list of the top 15 criminal defense attorneys in Chicago. Why These… Read More »

Voter Fraud Charges Under 52USC20511

Generally, voter fraud under 52USC20511 is defined as illegal voting by an individual. Different states have different laws regarding voter fraud, but voter fraud is usually committed by doing one of the following: Voting more than one time in the same election – double voting. Casting a ballot in the name of a voter who… Read More »

PPP Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

The $525 billion Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) enacted as part of the CARES Act in 2020 helped millions of small businesses weather the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it also provided ripe opportunities for fraud. The Department of Justice has filed dozens of charges alleging PPP fraud. As of Oct. 7, 2020, DOJ has criminally charged 65… Read More »

Unemployment Benefit Fraud Charges

Not telling the truth about your employment status and claiming you are searching for work when you are not is a form of unemployment benefit fraud. This is a serious charge and you can get jail time if you are convicted. State and federal authorities will take an especially dim view of unemployment benefit fraud… Read More »

Rioting and Inciting to Riot Charges

The right to protest is one of the most-respected rights in the United States. The First Amendment protects the right of US citizens to peacefully protest. However, there are limits even to our most sacred rights. The right to protest does not allow rioting or inciting to riot. Protests that become violent and destructive are… Read More »

Missouri Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

In Missouri, embezzlement, which equates to fraudulent misappropriation, is charged in the same manner as theft, regardless of the type of theft committed. This is listed under the Missouri Revised Statutes (Mo. Rev. Stat.) 570.030. Theft is a very serious crime in Missouri, and even more so when it is committed from a position of… Read More »

Minnesota Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Minnesota involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Minnesota has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Maryland Embezzlement Laws & Charges

Embezzlement in Maryland involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Maryland has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Examples of Embezzlement Schemes

Embezzlement is defined as the theft or larceny of assets – including money or property – by a person in a position of trust in a company with responsibility for those assets. Embezzlement most often happens in corporate and employment settings. There are many ways you can commit the crime of embezzlement. But below are… Read More »

Maine Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Maine involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Maine has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Louisiana Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Louisiana involves the unauthorized appropriation of funds or property by an individual entrusted to manage those assets. This white-collar crime is taken very seriously in Louisiana due to its potential to disrupt public trust and financial stability. The state has stringent laws and penalties in place to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring the… Read More »

Kentucky Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Kentucky, like in other states, involves the unauthorized appropriation of funds or property by a person entrusted to manage those assets. This white-collar crime is taken very seriously due to its potential to undermine public trust and financial stability. Kentucky has stringent laws and penalties to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring the integrity… Read More »

Kansas Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Kansas, as in other states, involves the unlawful appropriation of funds or property by a person entrusted to manage those assets. This white-collar crime can significantly undermine public trust and economic stability. Kansas has stringent laws and penalties to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring the integrity of fiduciary relationships and public resources. Embezzlement… Read More »

Iowa Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Iowa, as in other states, is a type of property theft where an individual entrusted with managing money or property of another person or entity misappropriates those assets for personal gain. The key legal aspect in these cases is that the defendant had legal access to the money or property but did not… Read More »

Indiana Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Indiana, like in other states, is a type of property theft. It occurs when a defendant who was entrusted to manage the money or property of another person or entity steals some or all of those assets for personal gain. The key legal aspect in this type of case is that the defendant… Read More »

Illinois Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Illinois, as in other states, is a type of property theft. It occurs when a defendant who was entrusted to manage the money or property of another person or entity steals some or all of those assets for personal gain. The key legal aspect in this type of case is that the defendant… Read More »

Idaho Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Idaho, like in other states, is a type of property theft. It occurs when a defendant who was entrusted to manage the money or property of another person or entity steals some or all of those assets for their personal gain. The key legal aspect in this type of case is that the… Read More »

Hawaii Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Hawaii, as in other states in the US, is a type of property theft. It occurs when a defendant, who was entrusted to manage the money or property of another person or entity, steals some or all of those assets for their personal gain. The key legal aspect in this type of case… Read More »

Georgia Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Georgia and elsewhere in the US is a type of property theft. It happens when a defendant who was entrusted to manage the money or property of another person or entity, steals some or all of those assets for their own personal gain. The key legal aspect in this type of case is… Read More »

Arkansas Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

In Arkansas, embezzlement, which equates to fraudulent misappropriation, is charged in the same manner as theft, regardless of the type of theft committed. This is listed under the Arkansas Code Annotated (Ark. Code Ann.) § 5-36-103. Theft is a very serious crime in Arkansas, and even more so when it is committed from a position… Read More »

Arizona Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Arizona involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Arizona has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Alabama Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

In Alabama, embezzlement, which equates to fraudulent misappropriation, is charged in the same manner as theft, regardless of the type of theft committed. This is listed under the Alabama Code (Ala. Code) § 13A-8-2. Theft is a very serious crime in Alabama, and even more so when it is committed from a position of trust.… Read More »

The Places in America with the Most (and Least) Police Shootings

With the advent of body cameras and ubiquity of smartphones, videos of police shootings have brought the reality of the topic to the general public in a visceral way. Through social media and news reports, we often see these acts take place and make our own judgements on how justified the lethal use of force… Read More »

Massachusetts Grand Larceny Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts groups several types of theft crimes into a broad ‘larceny’ category. Under state law, when someone takes possession of property that belongs to another person without their consent, this is larceny. The value of the property that was taken and the circumstances under which the theft occurred determines the crime that… Read More »

Massachusetts Murder & Homicide Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

When a person kills another person, regardless of intent, it is usually called a homicide in Massachusetts. But murder is where a person knowingly and specifically kills another human being or causes them substantial bodily harm and that person eventually dies due to their injuries. In Massachusetts, you can be prosecuted for first degree or… Read More »

Massachusetts Manslaughter Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Voluntary and involuntary manslaughter charges are both governed by Massachusetts General laws Chapter 265 Section 13. You can be charged with manslaughter if your action led to the death of another human being. This is a very different charge from murder, which applies when the case involves malice aforethought or premeditation. While manslaughter is a… Read More »

Massachusetts Felony Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

In Massachusetts, you can be charged with either a misdemeanor or felony. If the crime that you have been accused of can be punished only by a jail sentence, it is a misdemeanor. If it includes a potential state prison sentence, it is a felony. The Massachusetts state legislature defines felonies and misdemeanors in the… Read More »

Massachusetts Drug Trafficking Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Drug trafficking is defined in Massachusetts state law as possession of illegal drugs with the intent to distribute, or to be actively distributing a certain quantity of drugs. The state or federal prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that all elements associated with the drug possession are true, as well as a specific type… Read More »

Massachusetts Assault Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

In Massachusetts, there are laws against both assault and assault and battery. Assaults and batteries that cause serious injury, or are committed against a certain class of victims, can be punished as felonies. Laws regarding assault and assault and battery are covered in Massachusetts General Laws Part IV Title 1 Chapter 265 Section 13A. An… Read More »

Massachusetts Child Pornography Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

The possession, distribution and production of child pornography is aggressively prosecuted in Massachusetts. Child pornography laws are increasingly being used to punish use of Internet and computer technology to obtain, distribute and share pornographic material that involves minors who are under the age of 18. Similar to federal laws, Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 272 Section… Read More »

Massachusetts Tax Evasion Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

In Massachusetts, tax evasion is a serious crime that can result in serious criminal and financial consequences. Tax evasion crimes in the Commonwealth usually relate to crimes that are conducted when the return is filed, and crimes related to not filing the return at all. In this state and across the state, common tax evasion… Read More »

Indicted vs Charged What Do They Mean?

If you have been accused of a crime, you may have heard the terms ‘indicted’ and ‘charged’. What do they mean and what are the differences? Below is more information. Charged A criminal charge is an official allegation that you commited one or more crimes. You can be charged with either a misdemeanor or a… Read More »

What is a Subpoena vs Summons? List of Differences

A subpoena and a summons are similar. They both give you notice about an upcoming court proceeding. Where they differ mostly has to do with who they are given to; when they are given; and what they are used for. Summons A summons is the official notice of a lawsuit. It is given to the… Read More »

Statute Of Limitations In Florida By Crime

In every state, there are time limits to which a prosecutor can put a case forward. That time limit is known as the “statute of limitations” and it exists for both criminal and civil cases. There isn’t just one single statute of limitations, however. Rather, they change depending on the state and on the type… Read More »

Trespassing Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Trespassing, and particularly criminal trespassing, means the accused have entered a property or remained there, without being privileged, licensed, or otherwise authorized to be there. Generally speaking, the offender must have somehow been notified of this, either verbally or through written notice, by someone with property authorization. The laws surrounding criminal trespassing vary tremendously from… Read More »

Drug Conspiracy Charges, Laws and Statute of Limitations

Drug conspiracies are highly complex cases because many people unwittingly end up getting involved in these. Technically, it means two parties agree to break narcotics laws. The burden of proof lies with the prosecution, who have to show that at least two people agreed to the distribution of an illegal substance, and that the accused… Read More »

What Is A Class B Felony?

In this country, crimes are divided into either misdemeanors or felonies (infractions also exist, which are the lowest form of crime). If a crime can be punished by one year in prison or more, it will generally be classed as a felony. Some states also use a lettered classification to further subdivide the level of… Read More »

How To Beat A Drug Trafficking Charge?

People who use drugs and get caught very often face not just drug possession charges, but also drug trafficking charges. If there is any way to show someone is part of a drug network, which a user by default is, then trafficking charges can be put forward. These charges are very serious and can lead… Read More »

What Is A Bond Hearing And How Does It Work?

During a bond hearing, a defendant has to appear in court and request that the judge allow him to be released from police custody while the criminal case is pending. It is common for the initial hearing, where the accused hears the charges, to also be a first bail bond hearing. This is known as… Read More »

Intellectual Property Theft Laws, Charges And Statute Of Limitations

Intellectual property (IP) is one of four different things: Copyright, which covers original literary and artistic authored works. Patent, which covers inventions of machines, processes, and other useful objects. Trademark, which relates to symbols used commercially. Trade secret, which covers information that is confidential and commercially valuable. IP Theft Laws There are numerous laws and… Read More »

1st Degree Vs 2nd Degree Burglary Examples

The crime of burglary is actually a highly complex crime that comes in varying degrees. They are, as a rule of thumb, first, second, third, and fourth degree, although some states add a further sub-classification of with or without a weapon. In all states, burglary charges are classified as felonies. Fourth degree burglary is the… Read More »

How Can Murder Become a Federal Crime?

Constitutionally, states generally handle their own criminal law, regardless of the severity of the crime. However, in some circumstances, murder can become a federal crime. Some examples of this happening include murder that attacks the judicial system or U.S. government, murder that happened on a body of water, murder that involved crossing state borders, and… Read More »

Oklahoma Grand Larceny Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Larceny is the legal term for theft that is used under many state laws. Under Oklahoma law, larceny is defined as taking personal property through stealth or fraud with the intent to deprive another person (Oklahoma Statute Ann. 21-1701). This means that theft has been committed any time the offender wrongfully takes the property of… Read More »

Misappropriation of Funds Charges & Penalties

Misappropriation of funds is a serious crime and means the illegal and intentional use of the funds of another party for one’s own use. Misappropriation of funds can be done by a trustee, a public official, an executor of a deceased person’s estate, or any other individual with the responsibility to care for and protect… Read More »

Revenge Porn Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Revenge porn is officially known under state laws as intentional distribution of non-consensual porn. This is a type of online harassment that happens when an ex-partner or a hacker posts sexually explicit images of someone online without their permission. This crime has been in the news in recent years related to several celebrities. Whether revenge… Read More »

Burglary vs Theft vs Robbery What are Main Differences?

Burglary, theft and robbery are related, but there are key differences between these three crimes. Of course, what they have in common is they usually involve the unauthorized taking of another person’s personal property. But beyond this, burglary, theft and robbery are separate crimes. Below is more information about what distinguishes them from one another.… Read More »

Strong Armed Robbery Charges & Penalties by State

Strong arm robbery is a specific type of larceny that involves the use of threat, force, or intimidation to take someone else’s property. Unlike armed robbery, strong arm robbery typically does not involve a traditional weapon like a gun or knife. Instead, it might involve using an object that can be perceived as a weapon,… Read More »

Domestic Violence Charges & Penalties by State

Domestic violence is violent acts that are done by a member of a household or family member. It most commonly involves one’s partner or children. According to the US Surgeon General, domestic violence is the top health concern in the country today. The victims of domestic violence can by anyone, matter their age, race, gender,… Read More »

Statute of Limitations in California by Crime

In all states, there are time limits to file lawsuits and civil actions known as statutes of limitations. The civil statute of limitations in California is similar to other states. Depending upon the type of case, the statute of limitations can be from one to 10 years. Statutes of limitations are designed to create practicality… Read More »

Child Endangerment Laws, Charges and Statute of Limitations

Child endangerment is a type of child abuse. These are usually state charges that can be brought against you if you put a child in danger of imminent harm of bodily injury, death, or mental or physical impairment. Child endangerment often is included with assault related charges, but it does not require you to commit… Read More »

Class C Felony Charges & Penalties by State

About ⅓ of US states have felonies subdivided into lettered classes. In most of these states, a class C felony is a mid-range crime. It is a serious felony, but does not rise to the level of the most serious ones, such as murder. Still, you are likely to have a long prison sentence and… Read More »

What is 3rd Degree Assault?

Assault is defined as an intentional act that leads to fear of harm, or offensive touching. In most states, assault is divided into degrees. Note that assault laws do not require actual physical contact to occur. As long as the victim reasonably fears that contact will happen, the court can rule that assault occurred. The… Read More »

California Grand Larceny Charges & Penalties

Grand larceny, also known as grand theft, is a serious offense in California involving the unlawful taking of property valued above a certain threshold. This crime is categorized based on the value of the stolen property and can result in severe penalties, including imprisonment, fines, and a lasting criminal record. Understanding the laws, penalties, and… Read More »

Different Types of Assault Charges & Penalities

In US criminal law, assault is usually listed with battery, as in ‘assault and battery.’ But assault is a separate charge from battery. Assault is generally defined as attempted battery. It also can be defined as intent to create a reasonable apprehension of harm. Assault essentially refers to situations where a person creates a fear… Read More »

Class D Felony Charges & Penalties by State

A class D felony is one of the less serious types of felonies. In most states, class D felonies are not associated with dangerous or violent acts; many class D felonies are victimless crimes. However, this crime is still a felony and has serious potential punishments, including a long jail sentence, heavy fines and strict… Read More »

Sexual Assault Charges & Penalties by State

Sexual assault generally means any crime where the offender has subjected the victim to sexual contact or touching that is offensive and unwanted. Sexual assault crimes can range groping to assault and battery, to rape. All states and the federal government prohibits sexual assault, but the precise definitions of sexual assault will vary somewhat by… Read More »

Bank Fraud Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Banks in the US contain trillions of dollars in deposits on any given day. This massive amount of money is tempting for fraudsters. Bank fraud is a federal crime that occurs when people use illegal means to obtain money or assets from a bank or related financial institution. It also can involve scenarios where a… Read More »

Terrorism Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

International and domestic terrorism are defined in federal law under 18 USC 2331. International and domestic terrorism are defined as violent or dangerous acts that endanger human life, and violate state or federal law. Further, such acts are intended to coerce or intimidate civilians, or are intended to influence government policy or government conduct through… Read More »

Deadly Law Enforcement Encounters

Michael Brown. Tamir Rice. Alton Sterling. These names are probably familiar to most, if not all, of us. In the last few years, Americans have watched as more and more deadly altercations with law enforcement – often involving unarmed black men – have been featured on the news. Are fatal law enforcement encounters on the… Read More »

The Average Face of a Mass Shooter

In 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold walked into Columbine High School and started shooting. They killed 12 students and a teacher and injured an additional 24 people and left Americans horrified and heartbroken. In 2012, Adam Lanza murdered 20 6- and 7-year-old children and six faculty members at Sandy Hook Elementary School; many parents… Read More »

Not All American’s Have the Right to Bear Arms

Share and Discuss: (Copy Paste This Code) <a href=”https://www.federalcharges.com/not-all-americans-have-the-right-to-bear-arms/”><img src=”https://www.federalcharges.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/2018/01/right-to-bear-arms.png” max-width=”1000px” title=”Not All American’s Have the Right to Bear Arms?” alt=”Not All American’s Have the Right to Bear Arms” border=”0″ /></a> Do we know what the Second Amendment really meant to our Founding Fathers? Amendment II: A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security… Read More »

2nd Degree Murder Laws & Charges

In federal law and in most states, 2nd degree murder is defined as intentional killing that is not premeditated, or a killing that is caused by the person’s lack of concern for human life. Generally, 2nd degree murder is somewhat of a middle ground between first degree murder and voluntary manslaughter. For instance, say a… Read More »

Vehicular Manslaughter + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

A driver who accidentally causes an accident that leads to the deaths of passengers, occupants of other vehicles or pedestrians can be charged with vehicular manslaughter, or vehicular homicide, depending upon the state. A vehicular manslaughter charge may be appropriate if you were: Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol Driving recklessly or carelessly… Read More »

What is the Process of a Grand Jury Subpoena?

A grand jury can use the power of the court to subpoena evidence and witnesses. In this process, the prosecutor will visit the office of the court clerk and obtain subpoena forms. The prosecutor will then fill them out and put the name of the person on each one that is being subpoenaed. The prosecutor… Read More »

What is Aggravated Assault? Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Aggravated assault is a serious criminal offense that is punished more severely than other forms of assault. Factors that may raise a regular assault charge to aggravated assault are: Use of a weapon Status of victim Intent of the suspect Degree of injury Assaults that happen in the home of the victim also may constitute… Read More »

Grand Theft Charges & Penalties by State

Theft has been around as long as mankind has had individual property rights. Today, each state divides theft into various categories. The term ‘grand theft’ describes the theft of property above a specific dollar amount. A theft happens when a person is deprived of their property by another person, with the intent to deprive that… Read More »

Treason Laws, Charges & Punishment

Treason is the only crime that is specifically written into the US Constitution. It is defined as intentionally betraying one’s allegiance to their country by levying war against the US government, and/or giving aid and comfort to its enemies. This is the most serious criminal offense one can commit against the government. Punishment is imprisonment… Read More »

DUI Charges & Penalties by State

Driving with a BAC or blood alcohol concentration of .08 or higher is illegal in all 50 states. DUI, or driving under the influence, includes alcohol and any type of intoxicant or narcotic that can impair your physical abilities and judgement. This also includes prescription drugs. A driver can theoretically register a BAC of .00… Read More »

What Is a Federal DUI? + Charges, Laws & Penalities

Although driving under impairment (DUI) is considered a crime in all 50 states, the offense rises to the level of a federal crime in some situations. The legal and social consequences of a federal DUI conviction can be severe. Despite the seriousness of the charge, it is possible for a federal criminal defense attorney to… Read More »

Ohio Tax Evasion Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

In the state of Ohio, just like in other states, tax evasion is a serious crime that can come with severe repercussions and penalties. Crimes of tax evasion in this instance generally fall under one of two categories: Crimes which relate to the filing of a tax return Crimes which relate to the failure to… Read More »

Ohio Racketeering Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Racketeering is a very serious crime that has significant consequences on the life of someone accused of it. Essentially, racketeering almost always goes hand in hand with organized crime. Usually, some illegal activity is included in it that is part of a larger, wider, more elaborate enterprise. While Ohio has a law that defines ‘corrupt’… Read More »

Ohio Money laundering Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

The crime of money laundering in Ohio refers to a situation wherein a group of people, or organized network engage in activities designed to convert the cash that is created or obtained through illicit activities so that it appears to be legitimate money that comes from lawful sources. In many circumstances, money laundering is a… Read More »

Ohio Insurance Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

In Ohio, the crime of insurance fraud is defined as any action wherein people or entities attempt to make a false claim to an insurance company, to obtain compensation or money that they aren’t rightfully entitled to. For example, an act of insurance fraud in Ohio might occur when a person knowingly files an insurance… Read More »

Ohio Welfare Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Welfare is a system of benefits and public relief given to those who can demonstrate that they are in need. Welfare also includes AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) and SNAP (Supplement Nutrition Assistance Program), also known as food stamps. Tax revenues collected pay for the money needed to provide welfare and states administer… Read More »

Ohio Mortgage Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Mortgage fraud is one of the most complex crimes around. Experts estimate that around 10% of all mortgage applications are actually fraudulent, due to accidental errors. The issue, however, is that it cannot be classed as mortgage fraud unless the error was intentional and it is difficult to prove whether it is or not. This… Read More »

Ohio Credit Card Fraud Charges & Penalties

Credit card fraud is a significant crime in Ohio, with laws designed to deter and punish offenders effectively. This crime involves using someone else’s credit card or credit card information without permission to obtain goods, services, or money. Given the rise of digital transactions and online shopping, Ohio has implemented robust measures to address and… Read More »

New York Insurance Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Insurance fraud in New York takes place when entities or people make a false claim in terms of insurance in order to obtain benefits or compensation to which they aren’t actually entitled. Insurance fraud is a serious crime, and it includes any act with the intent to obtain a favorable outcome that is obtained through… Read More »

New York Welfare Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Under the laws of New York, people may be accused of engaging in an act of welfare fraud when they take public assistance benefits through fraudulent means. Welfare is a term that is used to describe the public benefits or relief that is paid to individuals in the United States who show need based on… Read More »

New York Forgery Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

In the state of New York, any individual who willfully and knowingly possesses, or creates a forged document that suggests liability or value in an attempt to defraud another person or party is guilty of the crime of forgery. Forgery is often considered as a felony-level crime, but it can also be deemed as a… Read More »

New York Extortion Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

In New York, the crime of extortion or blackmail is typically referred to as coercion, and can be identified within the New York penal code as an offense against a person that includes some form of physical injury, sexual conduct, threat, restraint, or intimidation. Charges or blackmail or extortion can be made in New York… Read More »

California Bank Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Bank fraud in California is a crime that takes place when people use illegal means to receive assets or money from a bank or similar financial institution. Bank fraud is different to bank robbery because the perpetrator keeps the crime a secret in the hopes that it won’t be noticed. Bank fraud in California can… Read More »

Ohio Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

In Ohio, fraud refers to an action undertaken using trickery or scams to gain an advantage over another person or party. For example, in the case of health insurance fraud, an individual might exaggerate certain claims or issue false reports in an attempt to gain an advantage over the insurance provider, which leads to the… Read More »

Ohio Drug Trafficking Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Drug trafficking is an incredibly complex type of violation. In Ohio, trafficking covers not just the movement of controlled substances, but also selling, intending to sell, manufacturing, and cultivating of these substances. Specifically, they have divided it into two different scenarios: Selling or offering to sell a drug that is classed as a controlled substance… Read More »

Ohio Forgery Laws And Charges & Charges + Statute of Limitations

The crime of forgery in Ohio consists of a wide variety of potentially fraudulent actions that are willfully committed in an attempt, or with the intent to defraud another person. These forgery actions might include: Signing someone else’s name on a legitimate document with the desire to benefit from that signature Changing a document, or… Read More »

Ohio Extortion & Blackmail Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

Extortion and blackmail are complex crimes. Traditionally, they only described actions that were taken by government officials or public officials. Today, however, private citizens can also get charged with extortion and blackmail. In many places, extortion and blackmail are one and the same crime, but blackmail is done by private citizens, whereas extortion is done… Read More »

Ohio Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Ohio involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Ohio has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Ohio Grand Larceny Laws & Charges + Statute Of Limitations

Many people refer to theft and larceny as the same thing. However, the truth is that there are a number of important differences to consider regarding these crimes. One thing to consider about grand larceny is that when the amount or value of a stolen item exceeds $250, the crime changes from a misdemeanor into… Read More »

Ohio Bank Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute Of Limitations

Bank fraud is a very complex area of law that encompasses a number of different crimes. These include card fraud (credit or debit), passing bad checks, uninsured deposits, accounting fraud, fraudulent loans, rogue trading, impersonation, embezzlement, identity theft, and forgery. These are all financial fraud cases. In Ohio, they are charged not under the umbrella… Read More »

Child Molestation + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Those who are charged with child abuse are facing a very serious crime. The exact sentence and penalties that they will incur vary depending on a range of factors. These include the age of the child, which state the crime was committed in, the extent of the molestation, whether the molestation led to physical or… Read More »

Prostitution & Solicitation + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Prostitution and solicitation are two separate, but closely rated, crimes. Solicitation happens when someone demands, encourages, or requests someone to engage in prostitution, which is a criminal act in and on itself. Prostitution, meanwhile, exists in many forms, from sophisticated escort service to street walkers. Engaging in, agreeing to, or offering sexual acts in return… Read More »

Mortgage Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

Mortgage fraud is an incredibly complicated crime. It is believed that, if accidental omissions and errors were included, at least 10% of all mortgage applications would be fraudulent. What makes something a crime, however, is intent. It can be very difficult to prove whether or not someone intentionally omitted a piece of information, or intentionally… Read More »

Prescription Drug Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Prescription drug fraud is a growing problem, with 3-10% of every healthcare dollar in the US lost to fraud. Federal, state and local law enforcement report that diverted pharmaceutical traffic is one of their biggest problems. According to a survey in 2009, from 28-58% of police agencies around the US reported that street gangs and… Read More »

What is Phishing? + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Phishing is a crime in which a perpetrator sends a form of communication (usually email) to someone else because they want the recipient to inadvertently reveal personal information. The fraudulent nature of a phishing message is cleverly disguised, as they look as if the communication is official. In the message, the recipient is requested to… Read More »

Statutory Rape Charges & Penalties by State

Statutory rape involves sexual relations with someone who has not yet reached the age of consent. Depending on the state, different charges can be brought against the accused. Different states also refer to statutory rape by various names, such as “sexual intercourse with a minor.” This crime is controversial, and many people—both those protected by… Read More »

Sexual Battery + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

There are many different sexual crimes, one of which is sexual battery. What brings all the sexual crimes together is that a sexual act is forced against them without their consent. Sexual battery is the lesser form of this, meaning that no sexual penetration or intercourse took place. However, it is still a criminal act… Read More »

Stalking Charges & Penalties by State

Stalking is a criminal act that involves harassing and repeatedly following someone else. A series of actions have to be identified before something is classed as a crime, however. For instance, it is not a criminal act to wait outside someone’s place of work, to write love letters, or to send flowers. However, when this… Read More »

Sex Trafficking Charges & Penalties by State

Sex trafficking has been popularized through television and movies. Pimps look like suave gentlemen living lavish lifestyles with expensive cars and big jewelry. The women, meanwhile, are depicted as adults who voluntarily and consensually engage in prostitution. Unfortunately, this is a highly inaccurate depiction. The reality is that pimps traffic young women, or men, forcing… Read More »

Welfare Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

Individuals who can demonstrate financial need can sometimes be provided with benefits or public relief, known as ‘welfare’. What they receive depends on their financial status, disability, and age. Various pieces of welfare exist, including food stamps (Supplement Nutrition Assistance Program or SNAP) and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). Welfare payments are made… Read More »

Perjury Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Perjury is the crime of lying under oath. It is a very serious offense because, if not identified, the justice system cannot meet its goal: finding out the truth. Perjury is something that can affect everybody, and the consequences can be very serious. Consider, for instance, that President Bill Clinton was impeached because of it,… Read More »

Pandering & Pimping Charges & Penalties

Pandering laws often go hand in hand with pimping laws. They are designed to stop the sex industry by criminalizing the intermediaries, which are those who transport prostitutes between different locations, solicit money from prostitutes, recruit prostitutes into the sex industry, and advertise sex services. Pandering is a serious offense with the potential for significant… Read More »

Negligent Homicide Charges & Penalties by State

Negligent homicide is generally trialed at the state level, as part of their homicide statutes. Usually, it is the lowest form of offense that has the death of another human as a result. Homicide is a very general category, and various situations can describe it. The charge of homicide, and whether it is negligent or… Read More »

Manslaughter + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Manslaughter is a crime that deals with homicide. What sets it apart from murder is that the culpability of the defendant can be mitigated because no deliberation or malice was found. An unlawful killing took place, as with first and second degree murder, but the circumstances surrounding this killing go some way towards justifying the… Read More »

Indecent Exposure Charges & Penalties by State

Indecent exposure is a crime in all states. It involves publicly displaying one’s genitals, which causes alarm or offence to others. Usually, the crime is committed for sexual gratification, as it entices a sexual response. Indecent exposure literally means that bare genitals are exposed on purpose. Female breasts are not classed as genitals, however. Additionally,… Read More »

Human Trafficking Charges & Penalties by State

Human trafficking happens when one or more individuals are controlled and exploited for profit. Victims include adults over the of 18 who are deceived or coerced into commercial sex acts, children who are sold or otherwise used in the sex trade, and anyone who is compelled to take part in forced labor. Across the country,… Read More »

Entrapment Charges & Penalties by State

Entrapment is not a crime, but rather a defense. It is used to demonstrate that law enforcement agents and a defendant interacted before a crime too place, and that the defendant was encouraged to commit a crime he or she would otherwise not have committed. The law is in place to stop law enforcement agents,… Read More »

Child Enticement Charges & Penalties by State

The crime of enticement is a sexual crime, and one that is most often committed against children. As a result, this is a very serious offense with heavy penalties. Each state, however, has very different rules and regulations in terms of defining what constitutes enticement. Similarly, their penalties and their statutes of limitations vary greatly… Read More »

Obstruction of Justice Charges & Penalties by State

Obstruction of justice is a crime that is different from the norm because it does not involve harm to a person or to property. It does, however, describe a huge range of crimes, but these are committed against justice administration. Statutes at both state and federal level cover these crimes, and laws have been in… Read More »

Aiding And Abetting Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Aiding and abetting, or accessory, charges can be brought against any person who assisted in the commission of a crime. There are significant differences in the application of this law between states. However, in almost all cases, someone who is guilty of aiding and abetting does not actually have to be present during the crime.… Read More »

Massachusetts Sex Crime Charges & Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Being accused of a sex crime is possibly one of the most serious charges someone could ever face, particularly if the offense includes a child or a minor. The consequences will last a lifetime. Penalties include prison sentences, fees, a criminal record and having to register as a sex offender, possibly for life. This, in… Read More »

Massachusetts Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Massachusetts involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Massachusetts has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Massachusetts Conspiracy Charges & Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Conspiracy is a crime whereby at least two individuals agree to engage in some sort of criminal act together. Conspiracy can either be a felony or a misdemeanor, depending mainly on the actual crime that was committed, or what they conspired to commit. In most states, including Massachusetts, defendants can be charged with the crime… Read More »

Massachusetts Credit Card Fraud Charges & Penalties

Credit card fraud is a serious offense in Massachusetts, with comprehensive laws and penalties designed to deter and punish offenders. This crime involves using someone else’s credit card or credit card information without permission to obtain goods, services, or money. Given the increasing prevalence of digital transactions and online shopping, Massachusetts has implemented robust measures… Read More »

Florida Identity Theft Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Florida has remained a hotspot in the country for fraud and identity theft as of 2014, according to a recent report. Among all metro areas, southern Florida was found to be at the top of the list for identity theft complaints for five years in a row, according to the Federal Trade Commission. Florida has… Read More »

Florida Mortgage Fraud Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Mortgage fraud is a very complex crime that can involve lenders and borrowers alike. It is believed that 10% of all applications for mortgages in the country contain omissions, be they mistaken or intentional. It is very hard to prove intentional omission, however, and this is one of the reasons why mortgage fraud prosecutions have… Read More »

Florida Money Laundering Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Laws against money laundering are in place to penalize organizations and individuals who use financial transactions as a method to hide the proceeds of any activities that they engage in that are unlawful in Florida. Someone who is accused of money laundering can face a criminal charge at either state or federal level. In many… Read More »

Florida Grand Theft Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Grand theft, in Florida, happens when someone intentionally and unlawfully takes property that is worth at least $300. It is a felony offense and penalties can be harsh. Grand theft occurs in cases, such as: If a defendant unlawfully and knowingly took or used someone else’s property. The defendant did so to permanently or temporarily… Read More »

Florida Bank Robbery Charges & Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Bank robbery usually involves a state bank or a national bank or other institution that is part of the Federal Reserve. As a result, it is usually trialed at the federal level. However, a bank robber may also be charged under state laws, depending on the exact nature of the crime. Penalties in state court… Read More »

Florida Sex Crimes Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Sex crimes in Florida are placed into three categories of offenses: 1. Sexual battery and rape 2. Lewd or lascivious acts 3. Unlawful sex with minors Within these categories, various sub categories exist. 1. Sexual Battery or Rape This happens when non-consensual sex has happened through coercion, force or incapacitation. 2. Lewd or Lascivious Acts… Read More »

Florida Welfare Fraud Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Welfare fraud is a very serious crime in Florida, that can be classed as a misdemeanor or felony, depending on how much public assistance was received. Political pressures are playing a big part in this, and Florida vigorously prosecutes offenders. The term “welfare fraud” can refer to various types of illegal conduct. These include, but… Read More »

Florida Grand Larceny Charges & Penalties

Grand larceny, also known as grand theft, is a serious offense in Florida involving the unlawful taking of property valued above a certain threshold. This crime is categorized based on the value of the stolen property and can result in severe penalties, including imprisonment, fines, and a lasting criminal record. Understanding the laws, penalties, and… Read More »

Florida Medicare Fraud Charges and Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Medicaid and Medicare are funded by tax dollars at state and federal levels. The programs are designed to ensure vulnerable people, including those with low incomes, are able to receive healthcare. When people are given benefits that they are not entitled to, tax dollars are wasted and services are taken from people who need them.… Read More »

California Money Laundering Charges & Penalties

Money laundering generally involves financial transactions that are made to hide criminal activity or to process funds that are made through criminal enterprises. Money laundering laws are covered in California Penal Code Sections 186.9.186-10. Money laundering in California is defined as the transfer of money obtained from illegal activity to legitimate outlets or banks.In California,… Read More »

California Insurance Fraud Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Insurance Fraud in California is defined by the act of providing dishonest information or performing an illegal activity for the purpose of gaining something of value that he or she would not have otherwise obtained. There are three main types of insurance fraud, including: Unemployment Insurance Fraud- Penal Code §§ 2101 and 2102 Unemployment insurance… Read More »

Whistleblower + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

There are many violations of the law that endanger the public, but may not be reported. Many witnesses may be afraid that they will be retaliated against in their jobs. When we are in a position to know about criminal wrongdoing, we may be reluctant to act because our incomes and health insurance depend upon… Read More »

California Extortion Charges & Penalties

Extortion, commonly referred to as blackmail, is a serious crime in California, governed primarily by the California Penal Code Section 518. The statute defines extortion as obtaining property or other consideration from another person, with their consent, induced by wrongful use of force, fear, or under color of official right. This broad definition encompasses various… Read More »

California Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

In California, embezzlement, which equates to fraudulent misappropriation, is charged in the same manner as theft, regardless of the type of theft committed. This is listed under the California Penal Code Section 503. Theft is a very serious crime in California, and even more so when it is committed from a position of trust. When… Read More »

California Gun Charges & Penalties

California’s stringent regulations on the possession, use, and sale of firearms are designed to curb illegal activities and enhance public safety. The state’s laws encompass a wide range of firearms-related offenses, from carrying a concealed weapon without a permit to the aggravated assault with a deadly weapon. Understanding these laws is crucial for residents to… Read More »

California Manslaughter Charges & Penalties

Homicide, which is the unlawful killing of another person, can result in a murder or manslaughter charge in California, depending upon the circumstances. For the crime to be charged as murder, the prosecutor must show you had ‘malice aforethought.’ This refers to intentions, planning and decisions related to the death of the other person. Malice… Read More »

What are Criminal Conspiracy Charges?

Federal conspiracy charges are a common tactic used by prosecutors to bring down criminal enterprises. These charges are particularly challenging for the defense due to their broad nature, often encompassing various types of illegal conduct. Understanding the intricacies of conspiracy charges, the legal framework, and potential defenses is crucial for anyone facing such allegations. Definition… Read More »

North Carolina Criminal Charges + Sentencing, Hearings & Statute of Limitations

The federal government has been prosecuting many types of crimes more aggressively in recent years, and North Carolina cases are part of this trend. Given how often the federal government is bringing a variety of federal charges against the accused these days, it is important to know the law well. Also, the consequences of a… Read More »

Georgia Criminal Charges + Sentencing, Hearings & Statute of Limitations

Whatever state you are in, federal charges are much more serious than state level charges, and this is true in Georgia as well. In nearly all federal charge cases, potential penalties are far more severe, and the resources of the federal government are nearly unlimited. As this is the case, it is very important to… Read More »

Federal Statutes of Limitations

Just as with most state crimes, federal crimes usually have a statute of limitations. This is a limit of time where federal charges may be filed against you or any person who is suspected of committing a crime, within a certain time period of when the crime allegedly happened. This is a protection for people… Read More »

Illinois Mail Fraud Laws & Charges + Statute Of Limitations

When it comes to white collar crime, mail fraud is probably the most common offense committed in the United States. Most likely the reason for the prevalence of this type of crime is that it encompasses just about any illegal activity that could be done through the postal service. According to Title 18 of the… Read More »

Illinois Racketeering Laws & Charges + Statute Of Limitations

In 1970, the US Congress passed the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act to combat racketeering in Illinois and across America. This is a type of white collar, organized crime where illegal organizations use legitimate businesses to embezzle funds and engage in a variety of criminal activities that can include conspiracy and many other… Read More »

Illinois Sex Crime Laws & Charges + Statute of Limitations

The crime of sexual misconduct can take many different forms. The laws governing sexual assault and sexual abuse can be found under Section 12 of the state penal code. When it comes to terminology, the state of Illinois does not use the term ‘rape’ when it refers to sex crimes, but instead uses the term… Read More »

Ohio Criminal Charges + Sentencing, Hearings & Statute of Limitations

Are you facing a federal criminal charge in Ohio? As in every other state, in Ohio the federal government is required to officially inform you of the charges you face. After you are informed of the charges against you, usually you will be held in custody in the appropriate federal district in the state of… Read More »

How to Lookup & Search Pending Federal & Criminal Charges

Am I Under Investigation? For persons desiring to know if they are under federal investigation, the database for this is maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. In November 2019 the FBI and its partners at the Department of Justice (DOJ) opened a new data center in Idaho. This project was years in the making… Read More »

Medicare Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

Medicare fraud is a serious federal crime that happens when a person knowingly submits fraudulent claims or makes misrepresentations of fact to obtain a federal health care payment to which they are not entitled. Medicare fraud also involves knowingly receiving, soliciting, offering or paying compensation to induce or reward referrals for services, or items reimbursed… Read More »

List of Federal Sex Crimes & Types of Charges

Federal sex crimes are some of most serious offenses in the United States. These types of federal crimes are associated with the most severe penalties, typically involving a significant imprisonment term, fines and sex offender registration which may negatively influence other aspects of life following imprisonment. When the sex crime involves a child or minor,… Read More »

Different Types of White Collar Crimes

Federal white collar crimes generally refer to any crime that involves financial gain through illegal activity, often initiated by business professionals. Federal white collar crimes are governed by the authority of select agencies under The Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, including: Internal Revenue Service Securities and Exchange Commission FBI Secret Service U.S. Customs Environmental… Read More »

Healthcare Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

Defrauding the US government through healthcare fraud is illegal. Committing Medicare and Medicaid fraud exposes individuals and health care organizations to possible criminal, civil, and administrative penalties. Some healthcare fraud criminals face years in prison and thousands of dollars in fines. Healthcare fraud typically involves any of the following crimes: Knowingly submitting false claims or… Read More »

Illinois Grand Larceny Charges & Penalties

Grand larceny, also referred to as grand theft, is a serious crime in Illinois involving the unauthorized taking of property of significant value. This offense is categorized based on the value of the stolen property and can result in severe penalties, including imprisonment, fines, and a lasting criminal record. Understanding the laws, penalties, and notable… Read More »

Illinois Healthcare Fraud Penalties + Laws & Charges

Cornell University defines healthcare fraud as any submission of data to a healthcare system with the intention of turning a profit. Despite this definition, healthcare fraud can take place in a number of ways. Practitioners can acquire subsidized drugs and then sell them on the black market for a profit. They can also file forms… Read More »

Texas Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Texas involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Texas has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Texas Drug Charges & Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

Texas has very strict laws when it comes to the possession, trafficking, distribution and manufacturing of controlled substances and narcotics. In most cases, people face fines, custodial sentences, probation and loss of driver’s license. The information below should serve as a general guideline only, as the drug charges laws in Texas are subject to change.… Read More »

Texas Drug Conspiracy Laws + Penalities & Statute of Limitations

Conspiracy charges related to entering an agreement with someone else surrounding the intent to commit an illegal act or crime. A lot of people automatically assume that conspiracy always involves a group of people or other types of organized crime. However, most conspiracy charges are placed when a person has entered an agreement with at… Read More »

Texas Counterfeit Laws & Charges + Statute Of Limitations

If a good is an unauthorized reproduction, even if it appears to come from a legitimate source, it is likely that the crime of counterfeiting has been committed. The offense involves both the creation of these goods or documents, altering these goods or documents and purchasing these goods or documents. Trafficking of counterfeit goods is… Read More »

Texas Credit Card Fraud Charges & Penalties

Credit card fraud is a serious offense in Texas, with stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish offenders. This crime involves using someone else’s credit card or credit card information without permission to obtain goods, services, or money. Given the increasing prevalence of digital transactions and online shopping, Texas has implemented robust measures… Read More »

Texas Corruption Charges And Penalties + Statute Of Limitations

In Texas, corruption is classed as a type of racketeering. This comes under the RICO – Racketeer-Influence and Corrupt Organization – Act. Corruption means that a business or act is run illegally as part of organized crime. In other words, criminal organizations like the mafia are not able to profit from a legitimate business (which… Read More »

Texas Extortion & Blackmail Laws & Charges + Statute Of Limitations

In Texas, the extortion law charges people with theft. Extortion is the act of gaining money or property through threat of violence, force, harm to reputation, property damage or unfavorable government action. There is a difference between extortion and robbery, however, in as such that there is no immediate or imminent fear or danger of… Read More »

What Is A Federal Discovery Process?

A Federal Discovery Process is one of the steps in the preparation of a trial in many cases.  In a Civil Federal Case, the goal of the discovery process is for litigants to prepare legitimate evidence to support their claim.  A Criminal Federal Case differs in the Discovery Process to some degree. In a Civil… Read More »

Texas Federal Charges + Sentencing, Hearings & Statute of Limitations

What can you expect if you are arrested for a federal crime in Texas? First of all, you will be informed by the government of the charges being filed against you. After you are informed of the federal charges, you will probably be kept in federal custody in Texas until your preliminary hearing. About the… Read More »

West Virginia Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in West Virginia involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. West Virginia has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish… Read More »

Vermont Embezzlement Laws & Charges

Embezzlement in Vermont involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Vermont has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Oklahoma Embezzlement Laws & Charges

Embezzlement in Oklahoma involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Oklahoma has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

North Carolina Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in North Carolina involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. North Carolina has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish… Read More »

New Mexico Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in New Mexico involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. New Mexico has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish… Read More »

Montana Embezzlement Laws & Charges

Embezzlement in Montana involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Montana has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Mississippi Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Mississippi involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Mississippi has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Michigan Embezzlement Charges & Penalties

Embezzlement in Michigan involves the illegal appropriation of funds or property by someone who has been entrusted with their management. This white-collar crime is taken seriously in the state due to its potential to erode public trust and cause significant financial damage. Michigan has stringent laws and penalties designed to deter and punish embezzlement, ensuring… Read More »

Insider Trading Charges & Penalties by State

Insider trading refers to the trading of stocks or securities by people who have access to information that is not open to the public. By taking advantage of privileged access to this information, you are considered to be breaching your fiduciary duty. You also can be convicted of insider trading if you tip friends off… Read More »

Internet Sex Crimes Charges & Penalties by State

The Internet is the latest frontier for law enforcement officials. The majority of Internet sex crimes involve people who are underage, dealing in videos of child pornography, or using the Internet to set up sexual contacts with children. Approximately 2,500 people are arrested every year in the US for Internet sex crimes involving minors. About… Read More »

Cyberbullying Charges & Penalties by State

Cyberbullying is using technology to threaten, harass, embarrass or target another person. Some of the most common types of cyberbullying include: Threats on online social media Rude texts Mean or negative tweets Posting personal information and/or videos that are intended to hurt and embarrass someone Cyberbullying also can include pictures, messages or web pages that… Read More »

List of Federal Drug Charges

A federal drug charge is a narcotic-related criminal act deemed illegal by the federal government. While many federal drug crimes are also state crimes, some acts are considered criminal only at the federal level (for instance, marijuana is now legal in Colorado but still deemed illegal by the U.S. government). Federal crimes are prosecuted in federal courts… Read More »

Examples and Types of Federal Crimes

Per the laws of the United States, criminal offenses can be considered state offenses or federal offenses. They are prosecuted accordingly, either at the state level or at the federal level. A federal crime is one that has been made illegal by federal legislation. Many types of federal crime are also illegal at the state… Read More »

Non Prosecution Agreement: A Minor Role in Federal Crime

When trying to prosecute many crimes, the only way that the U.S. Attorney’s office can get some necessary evidence is to get it from people who were involved in the crime being prosecuted. People involved in criminal activity try to cover their tracks and make sure that they only people who know about the crime… Read More »

What is the Sentence for Drug Trafficking?

Drug trafficking is one of the most serious crimes in the United States and around the world, carrying severe penalties that reflect its significant impact on society. Drug trafficking involves the manufacture, distribution, or sale of illegal drugs and is prosecuted aggressively at both the state and federal levels. The severity of the sentence for… Read More »

Understanding RICO Conspiracy Laws, Charges

The federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act “RICO” is often thought of as a law designed to combat the Mafia. While that is how the law was first primarily used and intended, it has been applied in cases involving organizations that few people would mistake for the Mafia, including Major League Baseball, the Key… Read More »

How to Fight Federal Conspiracy with Intent to Distribute Drug Charges?

One of the most common federal charges against criminals is federal conspiracy with intent to distribute drugs, which is covered in  21 USC 841 and 21 USC 846 of the Federal Code. If you are facing these serious charges, it is very important for you to understand the laws underlying this statute. You are facing… Read More »

Federal Drug Trafficking & Distribution Charges

Federal drug trafficking/distribution laws provide stiff penalties for the selling, transportation and illegal importation of illegal drugs,such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine and other drugs. Drug trafficking and distribution is a felony, and is much more serious than simple drug possession. If you are found possessing drugs, you can be charged with trafficking if law… Read More »

What Are the Stages & Steps of Criminal Case During & After Arrest

The process of criminal justice in the US will vary some, depending if it is a federal or a state crime. However, the general criminal justice process in the US during and after the initial arrest is as follows: Arrest If a police officer has probable cause that you have committed a crime, they generally… Read More »

Federal Arraignment Process

First time federal criminal defendants often hear the word “Arraignment” and get a little scared because the word itself is formal and not used outside of criminal law. This leads defendants to expect that something big will happen at their arraignment hearings. However, after the hearings, it is common for defendants to turn to their… Read More »

Pending Federal Criminal Charges Now What?

When people talk about having pending federal charges, they are talking about one of two things: Charges that have been filed, but not yet prosecuted, or Charges that will be filed. These are very different circumstances that have to be handled in different ways. Charges Already Filed Sometimes, an Assistant U.S. Attorney will file criminal… Read More »

Plea Agreements, Deals & Bargaining in Federal Court

Most federal criminal cases never go to trial. Instead, they end with a formal plea bargain between the defendant and the U.S. Attorney’s office. The defendant agrees to plead guilty and in exchange the prosecution agrees to either drop some charges or agrees to recommend a shorter sentence for the defendant. The prosecution normally likes… Read More »

The Importance of a Pre-Sentence Report

When someone is convicted of or pleads guilty to a federal crime, the pre-sentence report (PSR) becomes a crucial document in determining their future. Issued by the U.S. Probation Office, the PSR provides the judge with a comprehensive overview of the defendant’s background and circumstances, as well as a sentencing recommendation. This report significantly influences… Read More »

Rule 10 Arraignment- How to Appear by Video Conference

Why is Rule 10. such a key federal rule? First let’s note an arraignment hearing is one of the many small steps in the federal criminal process that must occur in all cases. Traditionally, the arraignment required the defendant’s personal presence in the courtroom. However, recent amendments to Rule 10 of the Federal Rules of… Read More »

What is the Mandatory Minimum Sentences for Drugs Charges?

In the mid-1980s, new federal laws were passed that provided for mandatory minimum sentences for many drug offenses. Many legislatures in the US adopted these harsher sentences to fight drug offenses. The idea behind these laws was to punish large drug dealers and traffickers with tough prison sentences. The federal system led the way when… Read More »

Lawyer Help for Federal Criminal Investigations

Federal criminal investigations are not like other investigations. When most of us start investigating something, we do not have an idea of what happened. We seek people out who might know and start asking them questions. As we get more information, we start to form an opinion. However, by the time that federal criminal investigators… Read More »

What to Expect in a Grand Jury Indictment Investigation

The grand jury has a very important role in the criminal process at both the state and federal levels. It is however, a part of the criminal justice system in the United States that is often shrouded in mystery. If you are being investigated for a possible federal crime by a federal grand jury, it… Read More »

Bank Robbery Charges & Penalties by State

Bank robbery has a long and sometimes even a somewhat glamorized history, thanks in large part to its depiction in films and TV. But the reality is that it is one of the most serious crimes a person can be charged with, leading to very long prison sentences and other penalties. Bank robbery is just… Read More »

Child Pornography Charges & Penalties by State

Child pornography is defined as any pornography that involves a minor under the age of 18. The media doesn’t matter, and magazines, photos, drawings, sounds, film, and more can all be considered child pornography. There are technically two types of child pornography – simulated child pornography and porn created with the direct involvement of the… Read More »

Counterfeiting Charges & Penalties by State

In one form or another, counterfeiting has existed for hundreds of years and is still a problem today. There are two main types of counterfeiting crimes that are commonly committed today – counterfeiting currency, and counterfeiting goods. Both are very serious and will be charged as felonies. Additionally, the specific situation could bring even heavier… Read More »

Immigration Offense + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

While immigration laws are put in place in order to help control the influx of people to a country, and while nearly all nations in the world have them, US immigration law is one of the most controversial. This is largely due to a history of exclusionary, near-xenophobic laws that are now much more inclusive… Read More »

Kidnapping Charges & Penalties by State

Kidnapping is a type of crime that involves taking a person away, imprisoning, confining, or transporting a person against their will. There are many different types of kidnapping, and the type that one is charged with will depend upon the specifics of the crime. Kidnapping is done for ransom, in child custody cases, to further… Read More »

Mail Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

Mail fraud is defined by US law as any type of scheme involving fraud that intentionally deprives others of property or communications through the mail. It also includes wire communication, and is a federal crime that has been on the books since 1872. There have been many schemes and frauds over the years, though the… Read More »

Drug Possession Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Drug possession is one of the most diverse and common types of criminal drug charges that Americans face today. It can also be one of the most serious, depending upon the specifics of the possession charge. Essentially, possession is the act of possessing illegal drugs, either on one’s person or on their property. Simple possession… Read More »

Drug Smuggling Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Smuggling is the act of transporting goods across borders in order to avoid import or export restrictions, avoid customs agents, or to avoid any other kind of notice from authorities. When most people hear the term, they think of narcotics, weapons, or even humans. But numerous other goods are smuggled regularly across international borders, ranging… Read More »

Pre vs Post Grand Jury Indictment

Federal criminal prosecutions follow strict procedural maps. Before one thing can happen, other things must have happened first. An obvious example is that before someone can be sentenced for committing a crime, he or she first has to be convicted of that crime. There are many other landmarks in the prosecution of federal crimes that… Read More »

Is Embezzlement a Felony or Federal Crime?

The full definition of embezzle is to appropriate property entrusted in ones care fraudulently to ones own use.  Embezzlement is a type of financial fraud. More often than not, embezzlement is performed in a manner that is premeditated, systematic and/or methodical, with the explicit intent to conceal the activities from other individuals. Embezzlement usually involves… Read More »

Blackmail Charges & Penalties by State

Blackmail is a criminal offense in which a party, who has obtained information about a victim, demands or receives “money or any other valuable thing” as a consequence for not informing third parties about the information in question. Blackmail is considered a federal crime and can be punishable by either fines or imprisonment depending upon… Read More »

Bribery Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Chapter 11 of the United States Code defines bribery as any act in which a person directly or indirectly gives, offers, or promises anything of value to a public official in order to influence any official act. Precedent has shown that the individual in question does not need to be an elected official at the… Read More »

Internet Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Computer & internet fraud refers to any form of fraud that is facilitated using an electronic communication network such as the internet. Fraud, in turn, is defined in federal law by 42 CFR 455.2, which refers to “an intentional deception or misrepresentation” by any individual which is intended to result in unauthorized benefit or material… Read More »

Conspiracy Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Conspiracy is a large category of crimes in which more than one person works together in secret with the object of committing a crime. In federal and state laws, there is no such thing as a criminal conspiracy that stands alone – that is, you cannot “conspire” to engage in a noncriminal act. Rather, conspiracy… Read More »

Corruption Charges & Penalties by State

Public corruption is a broad category of white-collar crime defined by a breach of public trust or an abuse of power enacted by public officials. Corruption can take place when the corrupt individual receives a bribe or solicits one. Although all states have laws pertaining to public corruption, federal corruption charges are made more likely… Read More »

Credit Card Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

Credit card fraud is defined in U.S. Codes 18 USC § 1029. Under these rules, credit cards and similar items that provide access to financial institutions are known as “access devices.” Federal laws cover anyone who knowingly, or with fraudulent intent, produces or distributes fraudulent credit cards. Likewise, anyone who engages in the use of… Read More »

Drug & Narcotics Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal drug charges result from violations of the federal laws pertaining to possession, manufacture, and sale of controlled substances. Federal Drug Charges Laws Federal and state drug laws differ markedly. State drug laws have a tendency to be relatively lenient compared to federal laws depending upon the specific activity that the alleged possessor of drugs… Read More »

What is Espionage? +Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Espionage is a broad category of federal crimes defined by 18 USC Chapter 37. The motivating factor in most cases of espionage is the collection and provision of sensitive information from the United States government to other entities or agencies abroad. Since 9/11, the frequency and harshness of espionage case prosecution has increased. Whenever someone… Read More »

Extortion Charges & Penalties by State

Under federal law, there are many different types of extortion that might be prosecuted as a federal crime. Extortion can stand on its own as a federal offense, or it can be part of a pattern of offenses including bribery and corruption. One of the most pertinent forms of federal extortion is defined in 18… Read More »

Government Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

There are various types of fraud that can be punished under federal law. Generally speaking, fraud refers to intentional deception that has an element of personal gain or that can damage another person. Federal government fraud refers not only to fraud perpetrated by members of the federal government, but fraud committed by other private individuals… Read More »

Weapons & Guns + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal gun charges are among the most complex of federal laws. All states, as well as the federal government, have a sophisticated network of laws relating to who can possess firearms, what firearms may be possessed, where they can be used, and how they may be used. That being the case, there are many different… Read More »

Grand Larceny Charges & Penalties by State

Larceny and theft often are used to refer to the same thing in many circles, but there are some major differences regarding the nature of the crimes involved. Once the amount of the stolen item is over $250, it goes from a misdemeanor to a felony. At that point, it then is a grand larceny… Read More »

Money Laundering Charges & Penalties by State

Money laundering refers to any organized network of activities intended to “convert” money obtained from illicit activities so that it appears to be money gotten from lawful sources. Money laundering is frequently the hallmark of organized crime syndicates. Criminal cartels make use of “front” businesses that appear lawful in order to construct a new “paper… Read More »

Telemarketing Fraud + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Phone & telemarketing fraud is any form of deception or misrepresentation intended to result in material gain and executed over the phone or by way of telemarketing. Telemarketing fraud is one of the fastest growing categories of federal crime in the United States and is estimated to be the source of tens of millions of… Read More »

Racketeering RICO Charges & Penalties by State

Federal racketeering laws arose from the legal difficulty of prosecuting the leaders of organized criminal cartels. Under the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, also known as 18 USC §§ 1961-1968, legislators sought to address loopholes that had allowed some criminal bosses to avoid prosecution for activities by avoiding association with criminal acts their… Read More »

Securities & Commodities Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

Securities fraud is an extremely complex subject. In a general sense, it refers to any form of fraud that has to do with securities such as stocks and bonds. During the process of becoming a public entity, corporations must disclose an extraordinary amount of information to federal regulators and to potential investors in order to… Read More »

Sex Crimes + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Federal sex crimes include those forcible and other crimes with a sexual element that take place within a federal jurisdiction. They can also include sexual crimes leveled against individuals who cannot consent under the law, including minors and some individuals whose ability to consent is impaired by a medical or other condition. In many cases,… Read More »

Structuring + Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations

Under federal laws, certain kinds of financial transactions must be reported by banks to the federal government. Although banks bear the ultimate responsibility for reporting these transactions appropriately, individuals may choose to “structure” their transactions in such a way that they will be able to dodge these reporting requirements. For example, although banks are required… Read More »

Tax Evasion Charges & Penalties by State

Tax evasion is any willful, systematic attempt to avoid paying federal taxes by falsifying documents or avoiding reporting requirements. Experts estimate that hundreds of millions of dollars in federal taxes go unreported every year in the United States. Of these, the majority is believed to “disappear” through unreported income that does not have a sufficient… Read More »

Wire Fraud Charges & Penalties by State

While fraud is the category of crimes that focuses on intentional deception for material gain, wire fraud is the category of fraud that has to do with the use of telecommunications equipment such as wire, television, or radio. It is defined under federal law by 18 USC § 1343 and is distinct from other categories… Read More »

URGENT: Why Am I Getting a Target Letter from States Attorney

The purpose of the website is so that people who receive a target letter from the United States attorney’s office retain counsel for the limited and immediate purpose to intervene and alert the United States attorney’s office that the target of a federal grand jury investigation will be engaging counsel. Then decisions, whether to cooperate… Read More »

Florida Embezzlement Laws & Charges

Embezzlement in Florida and elsewhere in the US is a type of property theft. It happens when a defendant who was entrusted to manage the money or property of another person or entity, steals some or all of those assets for their own personal gain. The key legal aspect in this type of case is… Read More »

List of Different Types of Criminal and Federal Offenses

Title 18 of the United States Code is the criminal and penal code of the federal government of the United States. It deals with federal crimes and criminal procedure. According to 18 USC Criminal Code the following crimes are considered federal of nature: Aircraft and Motor Vehicle Crimes – Aircraft and motor vehicle crimes include destruction… Read More »

Federal Sentencing Guidelines (Updated 2024)

The Federal Sentencing Guidelines provide a framework for sentencing individuals convicted of federal crimes in the United States, aiming to standardize sentences and reduce disparities. Introduced in 1987, these guidelines marked a shift from the prior discretionary system where individual judges determined sentences, which often led to inconsistent outcomes for similar offenses across different jurisdictions.… Read More »

Embezzlement Charges & Penalties by State

Embezzlement is a form of property theft. It happens when a person who was supposed to manage another person’s or entity’s property, steals some or all of those assets. The important legal aspect is that the person had legal access to the money or property of another but did not actually have legal ownership of… Read More »